Diversity, Ecology and Utilization of Tea Garden Pteridophytes at Duars in West Benal, India
- 1Plant Taxonomy and Environmental Biology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, 734013, INDIA
- 2Department of Tea science, University of North Bengal, Darjeeling, West Bengal, 734013, INDIA
Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 47-53, January,10 (2016)
The article mainly focused on the diversity, ecology and utilization of recorded Pteridophytes species in various tea gardens in Duars of West Bengal. This area is located at the foot hills of Himalayan Biodiversity Hotspot as it shelters a good number of endemic and threatened species of flora and fauna. During survey, a total of 44 species of Pteridophytes representing 17 families were recorded from different tea gardens of the study area. The enlisted ferns and fern allies included some rare species such as Helminthostachys zeylanica, Ophioglossum nudicales etc. signifies the importance of this region as a rich repository of Pteridophytic plant wealth. Ecological and distributional notes are given for all the species.
- Dudani S., Subhash Chandran M.D. and RamachandraT.V. (2012)., Pteridophytes of Western Ghats. InBiodiversity Documentation and Taxonomy (edited by A.Biju Kumar)., Narendra Publishing House. 343–351.
- Clarke C.B. (1880)., A Review of the Ferns of NorthernIndia., Transactions of the Linnean Society, Botany, 1(2).London
- Sanjappa M. and Venu P. (2010)., An overview ofBiodiversity status trends and threats., 18-19, BSI,Howrah.
- Pant D.D. and Khare P. K. (1973)., Notes on the sporemorphology of Ophioglossaceae and the occurrences ofOphioglossum and its gametophytes in the GangeticValley., Geophytology. 1, 48-53.
- Ghosh C. and Das A.P. (2009)., Report on the occurrenceof eight endemic ferns as weeds of Tea Gardens inDarjiling, India., Indian Fern J., 26, 65–70.
- Jain S.K. and Rao R.R. (1977)., A Handbook of Field andHerbarium Methods., Today and Tomorrow’s Printers andPublishers, New Delhi.
- Beddome R.H. (1892)., Handbook to the ferns of BritishIndia, Ceylon and Malaya Peninsula with supplement., Calcutta.
- Ghosh S.R., Ghosh B., Biswas A. and Ghosh R.K.(2004)., The Pteridophytic flora of Eastern India., I.Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.
- Ghosh C., Biswas R. and Das A.P. (2008)., Ethnic uses ofsome pteridophytic weeds of tea gardens in Darjeelingand Duars., NBU J. Pl. Sci., 2, 86–93.
- Singh S. and Panigrahi G. (2005)., Ferns and Fern-Alliesof Arunachal Pradesh. Vol. I. and II. Dehra Dun.,
- Chowdhury A., Sarkar S., Roy P., Mondal S. andChowdhury M. (2015)., Inventory of shade trees in teagardens of sub-himalayans region of West Bengal, India., The Internat. J Sci. and Techn. 3(12). 164-168.