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Domestication of Seven Tanzanian Indigenous Saprophytic Edible Mushrooms

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology (MBB), College of Natural and Applied Sciences, Uvumbuzi Road, University of Dar es Salaam, P.O. Box 35179, Dar es Salaam, TANZANIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 4, Issue (12), Pages 1-8, December,10 (2015)

Abstract

Seven Tanzanian indigenous edible mushroom species were subjected to domestication trials using dried sugarcane tops as a substrate. Out of seven experimented species only two were successfully domesticated; Amylosporus sp. IJ-2014 and Polyporales sp. ‘Kusaghizi’. Generally spawn running period ranged from 2.5 to 7 weeks although the primordia formation and fructification differed markedly among the species. Amylosporus sp. IJ-2014 showed a short period as its premordia formed in 31±2 days while fructification commenced in 43±2 days since substrate spawning. In Polyporales sp. ‘Kusaghizi’ primordia formed in 67±2 days whereas fruitbodies developed in 105±2 days since substrate spawning. The higher mushroom yield was observed in Polyporales sp. ‘Kusaghizi’ with 23.29 g/ kg wet substrate compared to Amylosporus sp. IJ-2014 with 15.50 g/ kg wet substrate. The biological efficiency mean values were 4.62% and 3.16% for Polyporales sp. ‘Kusaghizi’ and Amylosporus sp. IJ-2014, respectively. Further researches have to be done on the two species to establish optimum requirements for their cultivation hence escalating the yield. For the rest species which did not form fruitbodies, further work should be done especially by deploying strain specific-breeding techniques.

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