6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Management of Diabetes Mellitus among Elderly Men and Women - Impact of Intervention Programme

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Human Development and Research Centre, Smt. V.H.D. Central Institute of Home Science, Bangalore University, Bangalore – 560 001, Karnataka, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (7), Pages 21-25, July,10 (2014)

Abstract

The present research aimed at studying the effect of an educational module as an intervention programme in the management of Diabetes Mellitus among the elderly with regard to the improvement in their knowledge, attitude and practices. The sample constituted 80 elderly of whom 40 were men and 40 were women in the age group of 65 to 76 years. Structured Interview Schedule (SIS) developed by the investigators on knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) with regard to diabetes was used for assessment. The module of educational programme was developed by the investigators for the benefit of diabetic people covering different aspects in the management of the disease. A repeated measure design was followed; accordingly, the sample were administered SIS to assess their initial KAP and they were provided intervention programme for a period of two months. Later, two months after the intervention, post assessment was conducted administering the same SIS. A comparison of pre and post test scores on KAP regarding diabetes was made. The statistical significance of mean difference in the scores was carried out using ‘t’ ratios. The findings revealed that both men and women respondents and the two age groups showed higher scores after intervention, on KAP regarding diabetes, than the pre intervention scores and individual differences in the score was also reduced considerably during post test.

References

  1. American Geriatrics Society. Beers Criteria Update Expert Panel. American Geriatrics Society updated Beers criteria for potentially inappropriate medication use in older adults, Journal of American Geriatric Society, 60, 616–631 (2012)
  2. Ramachandran A, Snehalatha C, Kapur A, Vijay V, Mohan V,Das AK, Rao PV, Yajnik CS, Prasanna Kumar KM, Nair JD. Diabetes Epidemiology Study Group in India (DESI) : High prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance in India: National Urban Diabetes Survey, Diabetologia, 44, 1094-1101 (2001)
  3. Araki E. and Miyazaki J.I., Metabolic disorder in diabetes mellitus : impact of mitochondrial function and oxidative stress on diabetes and its complications, Antioxidants and Redox Signalling, 9(3), 289-291 (2007)
  4. Behera B., Yadav D. and Sharma M.C., Effect of an Herbal Fromulation (Indrayanadi Yog) on Blood Glucose level., Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 2(4), 67-71(2013)
  5. Azizi F., Guoya M.M., Vazirian P., Dolatshati P., Habbiban S., Screening for type 2 diabetes in the Iranian national programme: a preliminary report, East Mediterr Health J., 9, 1122-7 (2003)
  6. Hussain A., Vaaler S., Sayeed M.A., Mahtab H., Ali S.M., Khan A.K., Type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting blood glucose in rural Bangladesh: a population-based study, Eur J Public Health, 17, 291-6 (2007)
  7. Mohan V., Mathur P., Deepa R., Deepa M., Shukla D.K., Menon G.R., Urban rural differences in prevalence of self reported diabetes in India – the WHO-ICMR Indian NCD risk factor surveillance, Diabetes Res ClinPract, 80(1), 159-68 (2008)
  8. Richard S., Jonathan S., Paul Zimmet B., IDF Diabetes Atlas fourth edition, Diabetes and IGT 1-105 (2010)
  9. Narayan, K.M., Boyle, J.P., and Thompson, J., Lifetime risk for diabetes mellitus in the United States, The Journal of American Medical Association, 290, 1884–1890 (2003)
  10. Michell Gulabani., Mary John., and Rajesh Isaac Knowledge of diabetes, its treatment and complications amongst diabetic patients in a tertiary care hospital, Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 33(3), 204–206 (2008)