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Wheat Genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) vary widely in their responses of Fertility traits to high Temperature at Anthesis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Agricultural Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, P.O. Box 848125, Bihar, INDIA
  • 2National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute, Mohali, P.O Box 160071, Punjab, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (7), Pages 54-60, July,10 (2014)


High temperature is a major environmental factor which limits the production and productivity of wheat in most cereals growing areas of the world. Eighteen wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes were screened for high temperature with respect to four traits under field and the polyhouse as normal and stressed conditions during winter session of 2011-12 at Pusa farm, Rajendra Agricultural University, Bihar, India. Spikelet fertility, number of grains per spike, number of effective tillers per plant and pollen sterility were measured and compared to the controls (without heat stress) and Sonalika as a check. The results showed a significant difference among all of the traits in stress and control conditions. On the basis of heat susceptibility index (HSI) the genotypes, Pusa gold, PBW 343, Raj 3765, HD 2888, F5-995 and K0583 were found relatively heat tolerant. Our results suggest that there are significant differences among genotypes that can be used in breeding for heat tolerance at pre anthesis and post anthesis stages and the development of high yielding wheat varieties.


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