6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Wheat Genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.) vary widely in their responses of Fertility traits to high Temperature at Anthesis

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Agricultural Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, Rajendra Agricultural University, Pusa, P.O. Box 848125, Bihar, INDIA
  • 2National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute, Mohali, P.O Box 160071, Punjab, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (7), Pages 54-60, July,10 (2014)

Abstract

High temperature is a major environmental factor which limits the production and productivity of wheat in most cereals growing areas of the world. Eighteen wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes were screened for high temperature with respect to four traits under field and the polyhouse as normal and stressed conditions during winter session of 2011-12 at Pusa farm, Rajendra Agricultural University, Bihar, India. Spikelet fertility, number of grains per spike, number of effective tillers per plant and pollen sterility were measured and compared to the controls (without heat stress) and Sonalika as a check. The results showed a significant difference among all of the traits in stress and control conditions. On the basis of heat susceptibility index (HSI) the genotypes, Pusa gold, PBW 343, Raj 3765, HD 2888, F5-995 and K0583 were found relatively heat tolerant. Our results suggest that there are significant differences among genotypes that can be used in breeding for heat tolerance at pre anthesis and post anthesis stages and the development of high yielding wheat varieties.

References

  1. Barnabas B.K. Jager and Feher A., The effect of drought and heat stress on reproductive processes in cereals, Plant, CellEnv., 31, 11-38 (2008)
  2. Mahesh K.S., Chandrashekara K.T., Rajashekar N. andJagannath S., Physiological behaviour of few Cultivars of Paddy (Oryzasativa L.) during Seed Germination and early Growth, subjecting to distillery Effluent Stress, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 2(9), 5-10 (2013)
  3. FAOSTAT, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Outlook (2012)
  4. Fischer R.A., Physiological limitation to producing wheat in semitropical and tropical environments and possible selection criteria. In Proc. Int. Symp.Wheats for More TropicalEnvironments, 209-230. Mexico, DF, CIMMYT (1986)
  5. Rady M.M. and Gaballah M.S., Improving Barley Yield Grown Under Water Stress Conditions, Res.J.Recent Sci., 1(6), 1-6 (2012)
  6. Sikha S., Sunil P., Arti J. and Sujata B., Impact of Water-deficit and Salinity stress on Seed Germination and Seedling Growth of Capsicum annuum ‘SolanBharpur, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 2(8), 9-15 (2013)
  7. Indira C., Genotypic Differences in Effects of Arsenic on Growth, and Concentration of Arsenic in Rice Oryzasativa) genotypes, Res. J. Recent Sci., 2(3), 49-52 (2013)
  8. Rani C.R., Reema C., Alka S. and Singh P.K., Salt Tolerance of Sorghum bicolor Cultivars during Germination and Seedling Growth, Res. J. Recent Sci., 1(3),1-10 (2012)
  9. Lobell D.B., Sibley A. and Ortiz-Monasterio J.I., Extreme heat effects on wheat senescence in India, Nat climate change, 1-4, Macmillan publishers limited (2012)
  10. Rane J., Pannu R.K., Sohu V.S., Saini R.S., Mishra B., Shoran J., Crossa J., Vargas M. and Joshi K., Performance of yield and stability of advanced wheat cultivar under heat stress environments of the indo-gangetic plains, Crop Sci., 47, 1561-1572 (2007)
  11. Acevedo E., Nachit M. and Ortiz-Ferrara G., Effect of heat stress on wheat and possible selection tools for use in breeding for tolerance. In: D.A. Saunders (ed.), Wheat for the non-traditional warm areas; 401-421, Mexico, DF. CIMMYT (1991)
  12. Wardlaw I.F., Dawson I.A., Munibi P. and Fewster R., The tolerance of wheat to high temperatures during reproductive growth, II. Survey procedures and general response patterns, Aust. J. Agri. Res., 40, 1-13 (1989)
  13. Mian M.A., Mahmood A., Ihsan M. and Cheema N.M., Response of different wheat cultivars to post anthesis temperature stress, J Agri Res., 45, 269-277 (2007)
  14. Gibson L.R. and Paulsen G.M., Yield components of wheat grown under high temperature stress during reproductive growth, Crop Sci., 39, 1841-1846 (1999)
  15. Jalal Kamali M.R. and Duveiller E., Wheat Production and Research in Iran: A Success Story. In: International Symposium on Wheat Yield Potential: Challenges to International Wheat Breeding, Mexico, D.F. CIMMYT (2008)
  16. Wardlaw I.F. and Moncur L., The response of wheat to high temperature following anthesis: I, The rate and duration of kernel filling, Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 22, 391–397 (1995)
  17. Stone P.J., Savin R., Wardlaw I.F. and Nicolas M., The influence of recovery temperature on the effect of a brief heat shock on wheat: I, Grain growth, Aust. J. Pl. Physiol., 22, 945-954 (1995)
  18. Randall P.J. and Moss H.J., Some effects of temperature regime during grain filling on wheat quality, Aust. J. Agri. Res., 41, 603-617 (1990)
  19. Vos J., Effect of temperature and nitrogen supply on post-floral growth of wheat: measurements and simulations, Agricultural Research Reports, No. 911, PUDOC, PhD thesis, University of Wageningen, the Netherlands (1981)
  20. Hasan M. A. and Ahmad J. U., Kernel growth physiology of wheat under late planting heat stress, J Nat Sci., 33, 193-204 (2005)
  21. Suryavanshi P., Babu S., Baghel J.K. and Suryavanshi G., Impact of Climate Change on Agriculture and their Mitigation Strategies for Food Security in Agriculture: A Review, ISCA J. Biological Sci., 1(3), 72-77 (2012)
  22. Andrea M.H., Yuraima M., Dasybel P. and Hernan L., Genetic variability of Macrophominaphaseolina Affecting Sesame: phenotypic traits, RAPD markers and interaction with the Crop, Res. J. Recent. Sci., 2, 110-115 (2013)
  23. Hall A.E., Breeding for heat tolerance, Plant Breed. Rev., 10, 129–168 (1992)
  24. Dhanraj N.B., Bacterial Diversity in Sugarcane SaccharumOfficinarum) Rhizosphere of Saline Soil, Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 2(2), 60-64 (2013)
  25. Zinnah K.M.A., Zobayer N. Sikdar S. U. Liza L. N. Chowdhury M. A. N. and Ashrafuzzaman M., In Vitro Regeneration and Screening for Salt Tolerance in Rice Oryzasativa L.), Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., 2(11), 29-36 (2013)
  26. Gupta R. Guhey A. Jadhav A. and Ahad I., Physiological boost to improve the yield of rice germplasm under different water regimes, Res. J. Sci., 2(1), 87-90 (2011)
  27. Waheed A., Ahmad H., Abbasi F.M., Hamid F.S., Shah A.H., Safi F.A. and Ali H., Pollen sterility in wide crosses derivatives of rice (Orizasativa L.), J. Mater. Env. Sci., 4(3), 404-409 (2013)
  28. Fisher R.A. and Maurer R., Drought resistance in spring wheat cultivars I. Grain yield responses, Aust. J. Agri. Res., 29, 897-912 (1978)
  29. Menshawy A.M.M., Evaluation of some early bread wheat genotypes under different sowing dates: 1 Earliness characters, Fifth plant breeding conf. (May), Egypt J. Pl. Breed., 11(1), 25-40 (2007)
  30. Abd El-Majeed S.A. Mousa A.M. and Abd El-Kareem A.A., Effect of heat stress on some agronomic traits of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes under Upper Egypt conditions, Fayoum J. Agric Res and Dev., 19(1), 4-16 (2005)
  31. El-Morshidy M. A. Kheiralla K. A. Abdel-Ghani A. M. and Abd El-Kareem A. A., Stability analysis for earliness and grain yield in bread wheat, Second Plant Breeding. Conf. (October 2), AssiutUniv: 199-217 (2001)
  32. Saini H.S., Sedgley M. and Aspinall D., Developmental anatomy in wheat of male sterility induced by heat stress, water deficit or abscisic acid, Aust. J. Pl. Physiol., 11, 243-253 (1984)
  33. Jager K., Fabian A. and Barnabas B., Effect of water deficit and elevated temperature on pollen development of drought sensitive and tolerant winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes, Acta Biologica Szegediensis, 52(1), 67-71 (2008)
  34. Lalonde S., Beebe D. and Saini H.S., Early signs of disruption of wheat anther development associated with the induction of male sterility by meiotic-stage water deficit, Sex Pl. Repro., 10, 40-48 (1997)
  35. Dorion S., Lalonde S. and Saini H.S., Induction of male sterility in wheat by meiotic stage water deficit is preceeded by a decline in invertase activity and changes in carbohydrate metabolism in anthers, Pl. Physiol, 111, 137-145 (1996)
  36. Bruckner P.L. and Frohberg R. C., Stress tolerance and adaptation in spring wheat, Crop Sci., 27, 31–6 (1987)
  37. Clarke J.M., Smith T.T.F., McCaig T.N. and Green D.G., Growth analysis of spring wheat cultivars of varying drought resistence, Crop Sci., 24, 537-541 (1984)
  38. Al-Qtayk S.M., Performance of yield and stability of wheat genotypes under high stress environments of the central region of Saudi Arabia, JKAU: Met., Env. Arid Land Agri. Sci., 21(1), 81-92 (2010)
  39. Mahmoud A.M., Genotype × Environment interactions of some bread wheat Genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.), Aust J. Agric. Sci., 37(4), 119-138 (2006)
  40. Kheiralla K.A., Mohamed A., El-Morshidy M., Motawea H. and Saeid A.A., Performance and stability of some wheat genotypes under normal and water stress condition, Aust J. Agric. Sci., 35(2), 74-94 (2004)
  41. Sharma A. and Sharma P., Genetic and Phytochemical analysis of Cluster bean (Cyamopsistetragonaloba (L.) Taub) by RAPD and HPLC, Res.J.Recent Sci., 2(2), 1-9 (2013)