6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Bacteriological study of air quality in Autonomous University of Puebla-Mexico

Author Affiliations

  • 1Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Microbiológicas del Instituto de Ciencias de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, MEXICO
  • 2Centro de Química del Instituto de Ciencias de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, MEXICO
  • 3Centro de Agroecología del Instituto de Ciencias de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, MEXICO
  • 4Academia de Química, Preparatoria Enrique Cabrera Barroso Urbana de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, MEXICO
  • 5Facultad de Ingeniería Química, Colegio de Ingeniería Ambiental de la Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla, MEXICO

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (5), Pages 1-4, May,10 (2014)

Abstract

The study of air quality today is an essential tool to know how they interact different biotic and abiotic factors and take appropriate action to maintain an optimal balance in terms of environmental health. The aim of this study was bacteriological monitoring air in Autonomous University of Puebla-Mexico, in the area of the treatment plant waste water and bioterio. Bacteriological monitoring air was performed in Autonomous University of Puebla-Mexico for a year, quantified and identifies isolates, and the study of resistance to antibiotics. Bacteriological sampling was performed in the treatment plant and in the bioterio allowed the capture of a total of 8862 and 3460 CFU/m3 respectively. Were identified Klebsiella (26%), Enterobacter (24%), Enterococci (21%), Proteus (12%), Escherichia (9%) and Citrobacter (8%). With respect to antibiotic resistance test showed greater resistance to bacitracin and vancomycin and in general all isolates were sensitive to ciprofloxacin. The environmental monitoring reflecting the situation at different times of the year, regions and even between intramural or extramural environments, provide relevant information to take appropriate action, influencing the quality improvement in environmental health.

References

  1. Rosas I., Yela A., Salinas E and Calva E.Enteric bacteria in the atmosphere, Ciencia y Desarrollo, XX, 52-57 (1994)
  2. Rivera TJA., Cedillo RL., Guzmán CM and Giono CS., Enterobacteriaceaediagnostic in Alsesecariver, Rev. Fac. Med. UNAM.,49, 20-22(2006)
  3. Baroniya M, Baroniya SS, Jain M. Operation and maintenance of water treatment plant at BNP campus Dewas, India: a case study, ISCA J. Biological Sci, 83-86 (2012)
  4. Kumar PGN, Sumangala KB. Decolorization of Azo dye Red 3BN by bacteria. I. Res. J. Biological Sci, 46-52 (2012)
  5. Qui XH., Li YP., Niu TJ., Li ML., Ma ZH and Miao Y. Pollution characteristics of microbial aerosol generated from a municipal sewage treatment plant. Huan Jing KeXue., 33, 2191-2196(2012)
  6. Sánchez de la Campa A., García-Salamanca A., Solano JR and Ramos JL. Chemical and microbiological characterization of atmospheric particulate matter Turing an intense african dust event in Southern Spain, Environ. Sci. Technol.,16, 3630-3638(2013)
  7. Lawniczek-Walczyk A., Górny RL., Golofit-Szymczk M., Niesler A and Wlazlo A. Occupational exposure to airbone microorganisms, endotoxins and -glucans in poultry houses at different stages of the production cycle,Ann. Agric. Environ. Med., 20, 259-268 (2013)
  8. Rosa MC., Mosso MA and Ullan C. The air: habitat the transmission medium of microorganisms, Observatorio Medioambiental.,, 375-402(2002)
  9. Rodríguez GS., Sauri RM., Peniche AI., Pacheco AJ and Ramírez HJ.Airborne viable in the area of treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste in Merida, Yucatan.Ingeniaría, 19-29(2005)
  10. Smith DJ., Timonen HJ, Jaffe DA., Griffin DW., Birmele MN and Perry KD. Intercontinental dispersal of bacteria and archea by transpacific winds, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 79, 1134-1139(2013)
  11. Bauer AW., Kirby WM., Sherris JC and Turck M. Antibiotic susceptibility testing by a standardized single disk method. Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 45, 493-496(1966)
  12. Rosas I., Yela A and Santos-Burgoa C. Occurrence of airborne enteric bacteria in Mexico City, Aerobiologia,10, 39-45(1994)
  13. Rivera TJA. Antibiotic resistance, public health problem, An. Med. Asoc. Med. Hops.ABC.,48, 42-47(2003)
  14. Bovallius A., Butch B., Roffey R and Anas P. (1978) Three-year investigation of the natural airbone bacterial flora at four locations in Sweden, Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 35, 847-852 (1978)
  15. Rosas I., McCartney H., Payne R., Calderón C., Lacey J.,Chapela R and Ruíz-Velazco S. Analysis of the relationships between environmental factors (aeroallergens, air pollution and weather) and asthma emergency admissions to a hospital in Mexico City. Allergy.,53, 394-401(1998)
  16. Park JH., Spiegelman DL., Burge HA., Gold DR., Chew GL and Milton DK. Longitudinal study of dust and airborne endotoxin in the home, Environ. Health Perspect., 108, 1023-1028(2000)
  17. Castañeda RE., Rivera TJA and Lechuga BK., Determination of microbiological air quality in textile industry. Rev. Latinoam. SaludTrab.,, 21-24(2003)
  18. Breum NO., Nielse BH., Nielsen EM., Midtgaard U andPoulsen OM, Dustiness of compostable waste: a methodological approach to quantify the potential of waste to generate airborne microorganisms and endotoxin, Waste Management Res., 15, 169-187(1997)
  19. Rosas I., Calderón C., Salinas E., Martínez L., Alfaro-Moreno E., Milton DK and Osornio-Vargas AR. Animal and worker exposure to dust and biological particles in animal care houses, Aerobiologia.,17, 49-59(2001)
  20. Rylander R and Morey P. Airborne endotoxin in industries processing vegetable fibers, Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J.,43, 811(1982)
  21. Sánchez CJP., Arias EMA., Armenta PJ and Salas SD. Ultraviolet light germicidal and environmental microorganisms control hospitals, Rev. Costarr. Salud Pública., 21, 19-22(2012)
  22. Cáceres GJL., Khilzi K., Estanga I., Cortez Y., Durán J and Fuentes P. Rapid environmental assessment and environmental monitoring procedure Sorocaima II, Mariño Municipality, Aragua, Venezuela, Bol. Mal. SaludAmb., 47, 1-12 (2007)