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Acute Toxicity of deltamethrin and permethrin and their Sublethal effects on Growth and Feeding in Anabas testudineus

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Assam University, Silchar-788011, Assam, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (4), Pages 18-22, April,10 (2014)

Abstract

The 24, 48, 72 and 96 h LC50 values of the synthetic pyrethroid insecticides deltamethrin and permethrin for the climbing perch Anabas testudineus were 0.11, 0.09, 0.08, and 0.07 mg l-1, and 2.07, 1.41, 1.02, and 0.93 mg l-1, respectively. Although deltamethrin was more toxic than permethrin, the 24-96 h LC50 pattern of the latter displayed a steeper slope that predicted increase in its toxicity on longer exposure. The fish was also exposed to sublethal concentrations of 1% and 10 % of the 96 h LC50 of the two pesticides for 11 weeks. The sublethal exposure of the two pesticides affected food consumption significantly thereby resulting in inhibition of growth.

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