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Androgenic Callus Induction of the Indica Rice Hybrid of Chakhao Amubi and Basmati 370

Author Affiliations

  • 1Medicinal Plant and Horticulture Research Division, Institute of Bioresources and Sustainable Development, Takyelpat, Imphal-795001, INDIA
  • 2 Department of Environmental Biotechnology, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli- 620024, Tamil Nadu, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (4), Pages 73-79, April,10 (2014)

Abstract

Among the different varieties of rice available worldwide some of the specialty rice viz., the fragrant Basmati of India and Pakistan, medicinal purplish-black Jiengo rice of China known as Laos and Cambodia a glutinous sticky rice of Thailand are the most desirable rice fetching upto 10 times more than the common rice in international markets. In the last few decades, Basmati rice has become the most favored rice due to its soft fluffy texture with fine slender grains and high content of acetyl-1-pyrroline (0.09 ppm). Dark-purple glutinous aromatic rice known as “Chakhao Amubi” of Manipur, India, was found to have its own aesthetic value and high nutraceutical properties. Although the dark sticky glutinous rice is also one of the most preferred rice, the grain quality of this aromatic rice is still poorly understood and neglected because of its low yield, non-responsiveness to fertilizers and high susceptibility to rice blast. Thus in the present study we tried to develop a novel rice hybrid of “Chakhao Amubi and Basmati 370” to improve its yield and provide a better grain quality rice having high nutraceutical properties using anther culture development techniques of homozygous breeding lines of double haploid. We believed our present study would provide desired homozygous and improve genotype for sustainable development for rice variety.

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