6th International Virtual Congress (IVC-2019) And Workshop.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Effect of growth Rate and Latewood content on basic Density of Wood from 120-to 154-Year-old Natural-grown Teak (Tectona grandis L. f.)

Author Affiliations

  • 1ASPEE College of Horticulture and Forestry, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari-396450, Gujarat, INDIA
  • 2 Wood Properties and Uses Division, Institute of Wood Science & Technology, Bangalore-560003, Karnataka, INDIA
  • 3 Arid Forest Research Institute, Jodhpur-342005, Rajasthan, INDIA
  • 4 Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune-411008, Maharashtra, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 3, Issue (4), Pages 66-72, April,10 (2014)

Abstract

The relationship between the radial variations of growth ring features and basic density were investigated in juvenile and mature wood for five 120-to150-year-old trees of Tectona grandis L. grown naturally in moist deciduous forest of Thane, Maharashtra. The study showed that the mean basic density of growth rings in juvenile wood was 0.665 (0.602-0.702) g cm-3and 0.613 (0.562-0.665) g cm-3 in mature wood. The annual growth in juvenile period was high with a ring width mean of 4.03 mm and the latewood content represented 76.36 % of the annual growth, while in mature period was low with a ring width mean of 1.24 mm and the latewood content represented 59.41% of the annual growth. The patterns of radial variation of ring width, latewood content and basic density were more inherent in the juvenile wood than mature wood of all trees due to cambial ageing. The basic density of five individual trees showed an insignificant correlation between ring-width and latewood content in juvenile wood, whereas a significant positive correlation was found in mature wood of most of individual trees. The mean ring width value of all trees showed a highly significant positive correlation with basic density in both types of wood but mean latewood content showed a non-significant or low significant correlation.

References

  1. Wimmer R., Downes G.M. and Evans R., High-resolution analysis of radial growth and wood density in Eucalyptus nitens, grown under different irrigation regimes, Ann. For. Sci., 59, 519524 (2002)
  2. Zobel B.J. and Jett J.B., Genetics of wood production, Springer-Verlag publications, Berlin, 13-115 (1995)
  3. Zobel B.J. and van Buijtenen J.P., Wood variation, its causes and control, Springer-Verlag publications, Berlin, 174 (1989)
  4. Kollmann F.F.P. and Cote Jr. W.A., Principles of wood science and technology, Springer-Verlag publications, 179 (1968)
  5. Ladrach W., Management of teak plantations for solid wood products, ISTF News, (Special Report, December), 1-25 (2009)
  6. Tewari D.N., A monograph on Teak (Tectona grandis L. f.). International Book Distributors, Dehradun, 3 (1992)
  7. Bhat K.M. and Indira E.P., Effect of fast growth on timber quality of teak, KFRI Research Report 132, 1-60 (1997)
  8. Varghese M., Nicodemus A., Ramteke P.K., Anbajhagi G., Bennet S.S.R. and Subramanian K., Variation in growth and wood traits among nine populations of teak in peninsular India, Silvae Genetica,49 (4-5), 201-205 (2000)
  9. Moya R., Effect of cambium age, growth rate and precipitation on the basic density of teak in Costa Rica, Maderay Bosques,8 (1), 39-49 (2002)
  10. Jayawardana D.N. and Amarasekera H.S., Effect of growth rate on wood quality of teak (Tectona grandis L. f.) plantations at Malsiripura, Kurunegala, Sri Lanka, Vidyodaya J. Humanities and Social Sci., (Golden Jubilee Issue), 149-170 (2009)
  11. Nocetti M., Rozenberg, P., Chaix, G. and Macchioni, N., Provenance effect on the ring structure of teak (Tectona grandis L. f.) wood by X-ray microdensitometry, Ann. For. Sc., 68 (8), 1375- 1383 (2011)
  12. Bhat K.M., Priya P.B. and Rugmini P., Characterization of juvenile wood in teak, Wood Sci. Tech.,34, 517-532 (2001)
  13. Kumar A.N.A., Srinivasa Y.B. and Chauhan S.S., Growth rate convergence in teak (Tectona grandis L.), Curr. Sci.,83, 808-809 (2002)
  14. Bhat K.M., Cambium activity and juvenile wood formation in teak, KFRI Research Report 137, 1-41 (1998)
  15. Priya P.B. and Bhat K.M., False ring formation in teak Tectona grandis L.f.) and the influence of environmental factors. Forest Ecol. Manag., 108, 215-222 (1998)
  16. Sousa V.B., Cardoso S., Quilho T. and Pereira H., Growth rate and ring width variability of teak, Tectona grandis(Verbenaceae) in an unmanaged forest in East Timor, Rev. Biol. Trop., 60(1) 483-494 (2012)