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Identification and Characterization of the YGHL1 Gene from Yellowtail fish (Seriola quinqueradiata) and the evolution of the YGHL1/HIG1 family in Vertebrates

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratory of Molecular Cell Physiology, Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University,3-5-7 Tarumi, Matsuyama 790-8566, JAPAN
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (9), Pages 59-68, September,10 (2013)


A 1529bp full length cDNA of the yellowtail growth hormone like-1 (YGHL1) from Seriola quinqueradiata was cloned, and its structure, genomic organization and expression were analyzed. The yellowtail YGHL1 gene is composed of three coding exons and one 5' non-coding exon, with putative transcription factor binding sites present in upstream of the transcription site. The YGHL1 in yellowtail fish was highly expressed in brain, gill, heart, and kidney, while no appreciable expression was observed in liver and skeletal muscle. This study also shows the phylogeny and evolution of the YGHL1/HIG1 orthologs in mammals and other vertebrates, by comparing their sequences and syntenic context. According to the deduced peptide sequence alignment, the “YGHL1/HIG1 exon 3 domain” peptide seems to be well conserved in the YGHL1/HIG1 gene family. Our data also suggest that an ancestral locus similar to YGHL1 in Ciona intestinalis underwent duplications to create orthologous loci of the YGHL1/HIG1 family in the vertebrates. The regions encoding the YGHL1/HIG1 paralogs in human and mouse were close to the regions where some homeostatically important genes are clustered. These clusters are prominent in human 3p25-22 and 17q11-12 and their orthologous region in mouse 6D1-6E3 and 11D, showing a concerted evolution between them.


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