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Incidence of Mycoflora on Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) Bulbs

Author Affiliations

  • 1 Department of Botany, C.T.bora College, Shirur (Ghodnadi) Pune -412210, MS, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 64-66, July,10 (2013)

Abstract

Garlic (Allium Sativum L.) bulbs of soft neck garlic varieties like silver white and silver rose were studied for incidene of mycoflora in fields as well as storages because bulbs are extensively damaged in fields and storages due to various fungal pathogens. Dilution plate method and humid chamber methods were used for isolation of fungi. In all fourteen fungal species were isolated from bulbs. Studies reveals that fungi like Altarnaria porri, Stemphylium botryosum, Cladosporium alli, Helmenthosporium alli, Colletotrichum circinance and Curvularia lunata show high incidence on the bulbs from fields where as fungi like Aspergillus niger, Fusarium oxysporum, Macrophomina Phaseolina, Botrytis alli, Penicillium corymbiferum, Aspergillus flavus, Rhizopus stolonifer, Chaetomium globosum are specially found on bulbs from storage. It is also evident that silver white variety harbors maximum fungal species. Fungi like Colletotrichum circinance, macrophomina phaseolina, and Botrytis alli are not found on the silver rose variety

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