6th International Virtual Congress (IYSC-2020) And Workshop. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Application-Economical Investigation of various Bioreactors for Removal of Air Pollutants

Author Affiliations

  • 1Islamic Azad University, Tehran Science and Research branch, Tehran, IRAN
  • 2 Graduate Faculty of Environment, Babol University of Technology, Babol and Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University,Qaemshahr Branch, IRAN
  • 3 Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran and Young Researchers Club, Islamic Azad University, Qaemshahr Branch, IRAN

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 55-60, July,10 (2013)


In recent years, due to increase of industries activities and industrial technologies, air pollution has a significant increase. As you know, daily growth of industrial factories next to cities, along with other air pollutant agents such as vehicles, led to increase of air pollutants emissions. By considering this condition in issue of air pollution due to industrial activities, it is reasonable to take fundamental decisions for air purification by selecting appropriate and economical methods and prevent the entry of pollutants into the air as possible. One of air purification tools in the field of industry and other sections such as treatment of emissions from composting units and wastewater treatment plants, are biofilters. Basically biofelters are used for treatment of gases containing odor compounds and other volatile organic compounds. The aim of this study is assessment and investigation of biofilters as one of air purification method compared with other methods, in order to apply more useful and economical option among so many different tools. In this research, biofilters were compared with adsorption and catalytic oxidation methods in terms of application and economical and initial investment costs was determined, and based on the results of the study, the advantages of biofilters relative to other methods was determined. Also, biofilters were investigated in terms of improvement of efficiency and applicability in various industries.


  1. Moe W.M. and Qi B., Bioflter treatment of volatile organic compound emissions from reformulated paint: complex mixtures, intermittent operation, and startup, J Air Waste Manage Assoc., 55, 950–6 (2005)
  2. Zhu X.Q., Suidan M.T., Pruden A., Yang C.P., Alonso C. and Kim BJ, et al. Effect of substrate Henry's constant on bioflter performance, J Air Waste Manage Assoc, 54, 409–18 (2004)
  3. Allen E.R. and Phatak S., Control of organo-sulfurcom-pound emission using bioÐltration Èmethylmercaptan, In 86th Annual Meeting & Exhibition Air & Waste Manag. Assoc., Denver, Colorado, 93-WA52B.03 (1993)
  4. Tiwari S., Foliar Response of Two Species of Cassia to Heavy Air Pollution Load at Indore City, India, Res. J. Recent Sci.,1(ISC-2011), 329-332 (2012)
  5. Xi J.Y., Hu H.Y., Zhang X. and Qian Y., Chemical removal of excess biomass from biolters (In Chinese), Environ Sci.,28, 300–3 (2007)
  6. Auria R., Aycaguer A.X. and Devinny J.S., Influence of Water Content on Degradation Rates for Ethanol in Biofiltration, J. Air G Waste Man- age. Assoc.,48, 65-70 (2003)
  7. Rathore Kanishka Raj, Dhawankar Aditi and Gungun, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) For Bus Based Rapid Transit System (BRTS) Bhopal, MP, India, Res. J.Recent Sci.,1(ISC-2011), 166-171 (2012)
  8. Borman P.C., A.N.R. Bos, and KR. Westerterp, A Novel Reactor for Determination of Kinetics for Solid Catalyzed Gas Reactions, AIChE Journal, 40, 862-868 (2010)
  9. Shareefdeen Z. and Singh A., Biotechnology for Odor and Air Pollution Control. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (2005)
  10. Cox C.D., Woo H. and Robinson K.G., Cometabolic biodegradation of trichloroethylene (TCE) in the gas phase, Water Science Technology, 37(8), 97-104 (1998)
  11. Chouhan A., Iqbal S., Maheshwari R.S. and Bafna A.,Study of air pollution tolerance Index of plants growing in Pithampur Industrial area sector 1, 2 and 3, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1 (ISC-2011) , 172-177 (2012)
  12. Fishbein L., An overview of environmental and toxicologi- cal aspects of aromatic hydrocarbons, Sci. Total Environ.,42, 267-288 (2003)
  13. Agbo G.A., Ibeh G.F. and Ekpe J.E., Estimation of Global Solar Radiation at Onitsha with Regression Analysis and Artificial Neural Network Models, Res.J.Recent Sci.,1(6), 27-31 (2012)
  14. Kiared,K., Funderberger B., Brzezinski R., Viel G. and Heitz M., Biofiltration of air polluted with tolueneun dersteady stat conditions: experimenta lobservations, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res.,36, 4719–4725 (2007)
  15. Martin H.A., Keuning S., and Janssen D.B., Handbook on biodegradation and biological treatment of hazardous organic compounds, 2nd ed., 3. Academic Press, Dordrecht (1998)
  16. Mirpuri R., Jones W., Bryers J., Toluene degradation kinetics for plant onickand biofilm-grown cell sof Pseudomonasputida 54G, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 53(6), 535–546 (1997)