9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Wetland Plant, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Lotus) serving as a Habitat for Macroinvertebrates

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Zoology, University of Jammu, Jammu, J&K 180006, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 1-5, July,10 (2013)

Abstract

The present communication deals with the study of association of macroinvertebrate fauna with a wetland plant, Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Lotus) during the period extending from July, 2010 to June, 2011. The present study revealed association of 3 phyla with Nelumbo nucifera viz., Annelida (18.34%), Arthropoda (53.32%) and Mollusca (28.52%) constituting a total of 2388 organisms/m. The macroinvertebrates were found to utilize Nelumbo vegetation as their habitat as different stages of their life cycle viz., eggs, larvae, pupae and adults were observed to show an intimate relationship with the plant. Statistical analysis was done and Physico-chemical parameters were also analysed which showed well marked seasonal fluctuations.

References

  1. Sharma S.C. and Goel A.K., Philosophy and Science of theIndian Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera), Millennium Issue January, 6 (1), (2000)
  2. Giere O., Meiobenthology, The microscopic fauna inaquatic sediments. Springer-verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, London, Paris, Tokya, Hong Kong, Bracelona, Budapest, 328 (1993)
  3. Armitage P.D., Pardo I. and Brown A., Temporary constancy of faunal assemblages in mesohabitatsApplication to management? Arch. Hydrobiol., 133(3), 367-387 (1995)
  4. Harper D.M., River bottom habitats: biological reality and practical value in river management, Folia. Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Masarykianae Brunensis, Biologia, 91, 35-45 (1995)
  5. Broderson K.P., The effect of wind exposure and filamentous algae on the distribution of surf zone macroinvertebrates in Lake Ersom, Denmark, Hydrobiologia, 297, 131-148 (1995)
  6. Van den Berg M.A., Coops H., Noordhius R., Van Schie J. and Simons J., Macroinvertebrate communities in relation to submerged vegetation in two Chara dominated lakes, Hydrobiologia, 342/343, 143-150 (1997)
  7. Weatherhead M.A. and James M.R., Distribution of macroinvertebrates in relation to physical variables of in the littoral zone of Nine Newzealand Lakes, Hydrobiologia, 462, 115-129 (2001)
  8. Huchinson G.E., Thoughts on aquatic plants, Bioscience, 31, 495-500 (1981)
  9. Ostrofsky M.L and Zettler E.R., Chemical defences in aquatic plants, Journal of Ecology, 74, 279-287 (1986)
  10. A.P.H.A., Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington, D. C., 1198 (1985)
  11. Ward H.B. and Whipple G.C., Freshwater Biology, (2nd Edn.) John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1248 (1959)
  12. Pennak R.W., Fresh - water invertebrates of the United States (Second Edition), John Wiley and sons, New York, 803 (1978)
  13. Tonapi G.T., Freshwater animals of India, An Ecological Approach. Oxford and IBH publishing Co., New Delhi, Bombay, Calcutta, 341 (1980)
  14. Adoni A.D., Workbook on Limnology, Pratibha Publishers, C10 Gour Nagar, Sagar, India (1985)
  15. Mohan V.C., Sharma K.K. and Sharma A., Limnological profile of Chenani Hydroelectric Reservoir, its connecting channel and River Tawi in Udhampur district of J&K, India, International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 2(3), 76-79 (2013)
  16. Arimoro F.O., Ikomi R.B. and Efemuna E., Macroinvertebrate community patterns and diversity in relation to water quality status of river Ase, Niger Delta, Nigeria, Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 2(5), 337344 (2007)
  17. Naidu K.V., Kalpana K. and Kumar S., Aquatic oligochaetes from among the roots of Eichhornia crassipes Solms, Hydrobiologia, 76, 103 112 (1981)
  18. Poi de Neiff A. and Carignam R., Macroinvertebrates on Eichhornia crassipes roots in two lakes of Parana Riverflood plain, Hydrobiologia, 345, 185 196 (1997)
  19. Bouchard R.W.Jr., Guide to aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Upper Midwest Water Resources Center, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN., 208 (2004)
  20. Parikh A.N. and Mankodi P.C., Limnology of Sama Pond, Vadodara City, Gujarat, Research Journal of Recent Sciences, 1(1), 16-21 (2012)
  21. Uchida T., Some ecological observations on water mites, Journal of the faculty of science Hokkaido imperial university, Zoology, 1(4), 143-165 (1932)
  22. Whiteman N. and Sites R.W., Aquatic Polyphaga (Coleoptera) state records from the Missiouri Prairie region, Journal of the Kanas Entomological Society, 74(2), 101 105 (2001)
  23. da Silva F.L., Oliveira H.R.N., Escarpinati S.C., Fonseca - Gessner A.A. and Paula M.C.D., Colonisation of leaf litter of two aquatic macrophytes, Mayaca fluviatilis Aublet and Salvinia auriculata Aublet by aquatic macroinvertebrate in atropical reservoir, An Interdisciplinary Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(1), 30 39 (2011)
  24. Woods, H.A. and Podolsky, R.D., Photosynthesis drives oxygen levels in macrophyte - associated gastropod egg masses, Biol. Bull., 213, 88 94 (2007)