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Oxidative Stress and Heavy Metals: An Appraisal with Reference to Environmental Biology

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Science, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan, 731235, Birbhum, West Bengal, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 2, Issue (10), Pages 91-101, October,10 (2013)

Abstract

Rapid developmental activities and other anthropogenic influences have made heavy metals (HM) ubiquitous contaminants of the environment. Investigations on pollution due to HM and their possible effects on living world have increasingly become a prime focus of the environmental biology. An increasing body of evidence shows that excessive presence of essential metals as well as minute presence of non-essential metals can cause many patho-physiological complications in the living organisms via generation of reactive species. This article discusses functional role of some HM in inducing oxidative stress along with the instruments involved viz. oxidants and antioxidative defence systems. Some recent evidences of HM induced oxidative stress in plants and animals, including human beings, have also been examined in the text.

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