9th International Science Congress (ISC-2019).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Study on the Incidence of Hypertension and Migraine in ABO Blood Groups

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA
  • 2Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA
  • 3Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, INDIA

Int. Res. J. Biological Sci., Volume 1, Issue (2), Pages 12-16, June,10 (2012)

Abstract

Present study was designed to assess the distribution patterns of blood groups in district Kangra of Himachal Pradesh and their relationship with hypertension and migraine. The data of age, sex, ABO blood type and pathological status of patients of different diseases i.e. hypertension and migraine (252 hypertension patients i.e. 165 males and 87 females, and 263 migraine patients i.e. 99 males and 164 females) were collected from various zonal hospitals at Kangra, Dharamshala, Palampur and Dr. R.P. Medical College, Tanda, Kangra, H.P (India) and from the individuals by scheduling, interviewing and questionnaire methods. The control sample was taken from the blood bank donors. The distribution pattern of ABO blood groups was B (35.269%) � O (26.409%) � A (24.121%) � AB (14.201%). The phenotypic distribution in blood groups A, B, AB and O was found to be 0.2412, 0.3527, 0.2641 and 0.1420, respectively.The incidence of hypertension was found to be highest in blood group O (43.25%) followed by group A (27.78%), group B (22.62%), group AB (6.35%). The frequency of migraine was highest in blood group O (30.03%) followed by group A(29.28%), then group B (28.52%) and group AB (12.17%). The relative risk for hypertension and migraine was found to be highest in group O and lowest in group AB. From the present study it was concluded that blood group B is the most prevalent in district Kangra of Himachal Pradesh and least prevalent is AB.

References

  1. Landsteiner K., beraggluti nationser scheinungen normal enmenschlichenblutes, Wien Klin Wochenschr, 14, 1132-1134 (1901)
  2. Mourant A.E., Kopec A.C. and Domaniewska-Sobczak K., Blood groups and diseases, Oxford University Press, Oxford (1978)
  3. Dave V.P., Kaul D. and Sharma Y.P., Significance of blood cellular lxr-_ gene aberration in coronary heart disease subjects, Res J Recent Sci, 1(1), 69-72 (2012)
  4. Aird I., Bental H.H. and Bingham J., An association between blood group A and pernicious anemia, BMJ, 2 (4995), 723-724 (1956)
  5. Ball P.A.J., Influence of secretor and Lewis genes on susceptibility to duodenal ulcer, BMJ, 2(5310), 948-950(1962)
  6. Beg M., Singh M. and Mehmood O., et al., A study of ABO blood groups andIschaemic heart disease in men, Ind J Physol and Allied Sci, 55(1), 39(2001)
  7. Borecki I.B., Eiston R.C., Rosenbaum P.A., Srinivasan S.R. and Berenson G.S., ABO associations with blood pressure, serum lipids and lipoproteins, and anthropometric measures, Hum Hered, 35(3), 161-170(1985)
  8. Braunwald, Fausi, Kasper, Hauser, Longo, Jameson, Harrison, MC Graw Hill publication, Page no: 2074-2075 and page no: 2142-2143 (1998)
  9. Buchanan J.A. and Higley E.T., Relationship of blood groups to disease, Brit J Exper path, 2, 247-255 (1921)
  10. Buckwalter J.A., Wohlwend E.B. and Colter D.C., et al., ABO blood groups and disease, JAMA,162(13), 1210-1215 (1956)
  11. Callender S.T., Denborough M.A. andSneath J., Associaton between blood group A and pernicious anaemia, Brit J Haemat, 3, 107(1957)
  12. Clarke C.A., Edwards J.W. and Haddock D.R., et al., ABO blood groups and secretor character in duodenal ulcer population and sibship studies, BMJ, 11, 725-731(1956)
  13. Clarke C.A., Evans D.A.P. and McConnel R.B., et al., Secretion of blood group antigens and peptic ulcer, BMJ, 1, 603-607 (1959)
  14. Dickey W., Collins J.S. and Watson R.G., et al, Secretor status and Helicobacter pyroli infection are independent risk factors for gastro-duodenal disease, Gut, 34, 351 353(1993)
  15. Beardmore J.A. and Karimi-Booshehri F., ABO genes are differently distributed in Socio-Economic groups in England, Nature, 303, 522-524 (1983)
  16. Barua S., Human Genetics: An anthropological perspective, Classique Books, Kolkata (2002)
  17. Bhasin M.K., Walter H. and Danker-Hopfe H., The distribution of genetical, morphological and behavioral traits among the people of Indian region, Kamla-Raj Publishers, New Delhi, (1992)
  18. Robinson M.T., Wilson T. and Nicholson G.A., et al., AGT and RH blood group polymorphisms affect blood pressure and lipids in Afro-Caribbeans, J Hum Hypertens,18, 351-363(2004)
  19. Maxwell R.D.H. and Maxwell K.N., ABO blood groups and hypertension, BMJ, 16, 179-180 (1955)
  20. Alam M., Wardell J. and Anderson E., Effects of first myocardial infarction on left ventricular systolic and diastolic function with the use of mitral annular velocity determined by pulsed wave Doppler tissue imaging, J Am Soc Echocardiogr, 13, 343-352(2000)
  21. Nance W.E., Krieger H., Azcvedo E. andMi M.P., Human blood pressure and the ABO blood group system: an apparent association, Hum Biol, 37, 238 (1965)
  22. Prentice D. and Heywood J., Migraine and hypertension. Is there a relationship?, Aust Fam Physician, 30(5), 461-465(2001)