5th International Virtual Conference (IVC-2018).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Reliability between medical board and ballistics expert: a case history

Author Affiliations

  • 1Forensic Science Laboratory Haryana, Madhuban, Karnal, India

Res. J. Forensic Sci., Volume 6, Issue (4), Pages 1-8, May,29 (2018)

Abstract

The present study is based on the basis of a particular case examined by the author himself. Further the author has felt on the basis of the media reports from time to time where it has been presented by the media that the medical officers are repeating negligence again and again which becomes the major role in losing the lives of the patient. It is the bitter truth of this country that it has been observed that medical officers remain very busy due to the heavy work load assigned to them. There may be many reasons behind this like acute shortage of staff, over burdened work load, lack of interest on the station posted, atmospheric conditions or some other reasons may also be there. It has also been observed that sometimes during the medical examination/ postmortem the medical officers depute some other persons for the sealing of the exhibits for the forensic examination. It has also been observed that rather to seal the parcels himself the doctors depute the servants, nurses or even sometime they depute class IV employees for this purpose. Also it has been come into the notice that the foreign body recovered from the dead body during the post mortem is sealed by the class IV employees which may further lead to a misleading forensic results. During the examination of firearm projectile it has been observed sometimes that the firearm projectile is having some extra marks which have not been occurred by the firearm but they had been appeared by some other metallic objects which may cause divert the attention of the forensic expert during the examination of firearm and tool marks examination. And it was felt that perhaps such marks have been occurred by some metallic object which might have been used during the sealing of the exhibits. It has also been observed that sometimes the exhibits found sealed inside the parcel does not relate with the particular case. Then on perusal of the record it was felt that the actual exhibit was sealed in another case. Such mistakes create legal problems as well as the misleading results also which may affect the forensic analysis and it becomes the reason of arising questions on the credibility of such a medical examination.

References

  1. Armour A. (1996)., A study of Gunshot Suicides in Northern Ireland from 1989-1993., (PMID:8612052) Science & Justice Journal of Forensic Science Society, 36(1), 21-25. DOI: 10.1016/S1355-0306(96)72550-9
  2. Amiri A., Sanaei-Zadeh H., Zavarei H.T., Ardestani F.R. and Savoji N. (2003)., Firearm fatalities. A preliminary study report from Iran., Journal of clinical forensic medicine, 10(3), 159-163. DOI: 10.1016/S1353-1131 (03) 00082-8.
  3. Biasotti A. and Murdock J.E. (1997)., Firearms and toolmark identification: Legal issues and scientific status., Modern Scientific Evidence: The Law and Science of Expert Testimony, 124-151.
  4. Biasotti A.A. (1984)., Criteria for identification or State of the Art of Firearm and Toolmark Identification., AFTE Journal, 16(4), 16-24.
  5. Biasotti A.A. (1959)., A statistical study of the individual characteristics of fired bullets., J. of Forensic Sci., 4(1), 34-50.
  6. Biasotti A. (1981)., Bullet bearing surface composition and rifling (bore) conditions as variables in the reproduction of individual characteristics on fired bullets., AFTE J, 13(2), 94-102.
  7. Biasotti A.A. (1981)., Rifling Methods-A Review and Assessment of the Individual Characteristics Produced., AFTE J., 13(3), 34-61.
  8. Biasotti A.A. (1964)., The principles of evidence evaluation as applied to firearms and tool mark identification., Journal of forensic sciences, 9(4), 428-433.
  9. Grewal A.S., Sangwan S.S.R. and Dhanda V. (2016)., Aporia, Daze and Arcanes during Visit to Scene of Crime: A Case History., International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, 3(2), 190-194.
  10. Grewal A.S. (2017)., Alleged Firing was Found to be Self Infliction-A Case History., IJSRE, 4(2), 169-171
  11. Grewal A.S. (2017)., Confibulatory Story Leeds Behind Bars -A Case History., RJPSSs, 43(2), 2454-7026.
  12. Grewal A.S. (2017)., Jerking Caused Firing in a Moving Vehicle -A Case History., Journal Global Values, 8(2), 254-258.
  13. Grewal A.S. (2017)., Mystery of a Bolted Room-A Case History., Journal Global Values, 8(2), 145-149.
  14. Nandal N., Malik S.C. and Grewal A.S. (2018)., Reliability Measures of a Single-Unit System with Gamma Failure Laws., International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, 4(2), 122-127.
  15. Grewal A.S. (2018)., Mystery of a rifleman-A case History., Research Journal of Forensic Science, 6(1), 1-6.
  16. Grewal A.S. and Devi S. (2016)., Reconstruction of Scene of Crime., International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, 3(2), 195-197.
  17. Goel M., Kumar J. and Grewal A.S. (2017)., Cost-Benefit Analysis of a Two-Unit Cold Standby System with Degradation, Priority and General Distribution of all Random Variables., International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, 4(1), 46-55.
  18. Grewal A.S. (2017)., Economic Analysis of a System Having Duplicate Cold Standby Unit with Priority to Repair of Original Unit., International Journal of Latest Research in Engineering and Technology, 3(12), 98-103.
  19. Nandal J., Chauhan S.K. and Grewal A.S. (2017)., Reliability Measures of a Cold Standby System with Preventive Maintenance and Server Failure during Repair., International Journal of Statistics and Reliability Engineering, 4(1), 77-85.
  20. Eisele J.W., Reay D.T. and Cook A. (1981)., Sites of suicidal gunshot wounds., Journal of Forensic Science, 26(3), 480-485. https://doi.org/10.1520/ JFS11388J.
  21. Warlow T. (2016)., Firearms, the law, and forensic ballistics., CRC Press.
  22. Goddard C. (1926)., Scientific Identification of Firearms and Bullets., AFTE Journal, 11(4), October 1979. (This article originally appeared in the Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 17, 1926)
  23. Perdekamp M.G., Braunwarth R. and Pollak S. (2008)., Patterned imprint mark due to the folded shoulder stock: A possible finding in contact shots from submachine guns., Forensic science international, 178(1), e1-e5. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.01.001.
  24. Perdekamp M.G., Nadjem H., Merkel J., Braunwarth R., Pollak S. and Thierauf A. (2011)., Two-gun suicide by simultaneous shots to the head: interdisciplinary reconstruction on the basis of scene investigation, autopsy findings, GSR analysis and examination of firearms, bullets and cartridge cases., International journal of legal medicine, 125(4), 479-485. DOI: 10.1007/s00414-010-0517-6.
  25. Handbook of Firearms by:- B.R. Sharma., undefined, undefined
  26. Brackett Jr J.W. (1970)., A study of idealized striated marks and their comparisons using models., Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 10(1), 27-56. https://doi.org/10. 1016/S0015-7368(70)70556-2
  27. Garavaglia J.C. and Talkington B. (1999)., Weapon location following suicidal gunshot wounds., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 20(1), 1-5.
  28. Karger B., Nüsse R. and Bajanowski T. (2002)., Backspatter on the firearm and hand in experimental close-range gunshots to the head., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 23(3), 211-213.
  29. Kohlmeier R., Mc Mohan C. and Di Maio V. (2001)., Suicides by firearms: a fifteen years experience., Am. J Forensic Med Pathol, 22(4), 337-340.
  30. López-López M. and García-Ruiz C. (2014)., Recent non-chemical approaches to estimate the shooting distance., Forensic science international, 239, 79-85. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.03. 023.
  31. Meng H.H. and Caddy B. (1997)., Gunshot residue analysis-a review., Journal of Forensic Science, 42(4), 553-570. http:// doi.org/10.1520//JFS14167J. ISSN 0022-1198.
  32. Molina D.K. and DiMaio V.J. (2008)., Rifle wounds: a review of range and location as pertaining to manner of death., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 29(3), 201-205. DOI: 10.1097/ PAF.0b013e31818345a5.
  33. Molina D.K., Wood L.E. and DiMaio V.J. (2007)., Shotgun wounds: a review of range and location as pertaining to manner of death., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 28(2), 99-102. doi: 10.1097/01.paf.0000257415.82728.d7
  34. Nikolic S., Živkovic V., Babic D. and Jukovic F. (2012)., Suicidal single gunshot injury to the head: differences in site of entrance wound and direction of the bullet path between right-and left-handed-an autopsy study., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 33(1), 43-46. DOI: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e31823a8a32
  35. Dalby O., Butler D. and Birkett J.W. (2010)., Analysis of gunshot residue and associated materials-a review., Journal of forensic sciences, 55(4), 924-943. DOI: 10. 1111 / j. 1556-4029.2010.01370.x
  36. Gagliano‐Candela R., Colucci A.P. and Napoli S. (2008)., Determination of firing distance. Lead analysis on the target by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS)., Journal of forensic sciences, 53(2), 321-324. First published: 24 March 2008. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2008.00668.x
  37. Nichols R.G. (2007)., Defending the Scientific Foundations of the Firearms and Tool Mark Identification Discipline: Responding to Recent Challenges., Journal of Forensic Sciences, 52(3), 586-594. DOI: 10.1111/j.1556-4029.2007.00422.x.
  38. Schmeling A., Strauch H. and Rothschild M.A. (2001)., Female suicides in Berlin with the use of firearms., Forensic science international, 124(2-3), 178-181. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0379-0738(01)00594-1
  39. Schyma C., Madea B. and Courts C. (2013)., Persistence of biological traces in gun barrels after fatal contact shots., Forensic science international: genetics, 7(1), 22-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2012.05.008.
  40. Ståhling S. and Karlsson T. (2000)., A method for collection of gunshot residues from skin and other surfaces., Journal of Forensic Science, 45(6), 1299-1302. https://doi.org/10.1520/JFS14883J. ISSN 0022-1198.
  41. Stefan Polak, Pekka J. and Saukko (2009)., Wiley Encyclopedia of Forensic Science., Published on 15 Sep 2009. DOI: 10.1002/9780470061589.fsa043
  42. Stone I.C. (1992)., Characteristics of firearms and gunshot wounds as markers of suicide., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 13(4), 275-280.
  43. Suicide prevention. World Health Organization ISBN 978 92 4 156477 9 NLM Classification HV 6545., undefined, undefined
  44. The history of Firearms by J. Hamby., undefined, undefined
  45. Vincent J.M. and Di Maio (2011)., Gun Shot Wounds: Practical aspects of Firearms, Ballistics and Frensic Techniques., Third edition, CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, 47-78. ISBN-13: 978-1-4927-2570-5 (e-Book PDF).
  46. Azmak D., Altun G., Bilgi S. and Yilmaz A. (1998)., Firearm fatalities in Edirne, 1984-1997., Forensic science international, 95(3), 231-239. DOI: 10.1016/ S0379-0738(98)00101-7.
  47. Azmak D., Altun G., Koc S., Yourulmag C. and Ozeslon A. (1999)., Intra and Perioral Shooting fatalities (PMID:10404633)., Forensic Science International, 101(3), 217-227. DOI: 10.1016/ S0379-0738(99)00032-8.
  48. Karger B., Nüsse R., Tröger H.D. and Brinkmann B. (1997)., Backspatter from experimental close-range shots to the head., II. Microbackspatter and the morphology of bloodstains. (PMID:9081237) . International Journal of Legal Medicine, 110(1), 27-30. DOI: 10.1007/BF02441022.
  49. Balci Y., Canogullari G. and Ulupinae E. (2007)., Characterization of the Gunshot Suicides (PMID: 17321192)., Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine, 14(4), 203-208. DOI: 10.1016 /j .jcfm.2006.06.025.
  50. Li D. (2006)., Ballistics projectile image analysis for firearm identification., IEEE Transactions on image processing, 15(10), 2857-2865. INSPEC Assession Number: 9093944 Date of Publication 18 Sep. 2006 Pub Med ID:17022254 DOI:10.1109/TIP.2006.87730.
  51. Blumenthal R. (2007)., Suicidal gunshot wounds to the head: a retrospective review of 406 cases., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 28(4), 288-291. DOI: 10.1097/PAF.0b013e318148bdca.
  52. Bonfanti M.S. and de Kinder J. (1999)., The influence of manufacturing processes on the identification of bullets and cartridge cases--a review of the literature., Science & justice: journal of the Forensic Science Society, 39(1), 3-10. DOI:10.1016/S1355-0306(99)72008-3.
  53. Bradford L. (1979)., Forensic Firearms Identification: Competence or Incompetence., AFTE Journal, 11(1).
  54. Burrard G. (1933)., The Identification of Fire-Arms in Murder Cases., Game and Gun, 10(92).
  55. Cave R., Di Maio V.J. and Molina D.K. (2014)., Homicide or suicide? Gunshot wound interpretation: a Bayesian approach., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 35(2), 118-123. DOI: 10.1097/ PAF. 00000000000000 85.
  56. Bhattacharyya C. (1990)., Dispersion of firing discharge residues using a modified Maxwellian model., Forensic science international, 47(1), 31-37. http://doi.org/10.1016/ 0379-0738(90)90283-5
  57. Cina S.J., Ward M.E., Hopkins M.A. and Nichols C.A. (1999)., Multifactorial analysis of firearm wounds to the head with attention to anatomic location., The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology, 20(2), 109-115.
  58. de la Grandmaison G.L., Fermanian C., Aegerter P. and Durigon M. (2008)., Influence of ballistic and autopsy parameters on the manner of death in case of long firearms fatalities., Forensic science international, 177(2-3), 207-213. DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.01.002.
  59. Lepik D. and Vasiliev V. (2005)., Comparison of injuries caused by the pistols Tokarev, Makarov and Glock 19 at firing distances of 10, 15 and 25 cm., Forensic science international, 151(1), 1-10. http://doi.org/ 10. 1016/j. forensicint.2004.06.030.