Work related Musculoskeletal Disorders among Construction Workers of India
- 1Department of Family and Community Resource Management, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
- 2Department of Family and Community Resource Management, Faculty of Family and Community Sciences, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Res. J. Family, Community and Consumer Sci., Volume 4, Issue (2), Pages 1-5, February,27 (2016)
Construction work comprises of building and civil engineering. Building engineering includes work which involves structures like house, office, industry, educational centre. Civil engineering includes to structures in the surroundings like roads, canals, railway tracks, docks, dams, tunnel. Modernization and urbanization ha led to a high rise in the construction industry. The construction workers work in huge constructions of industries, houses, offices, as well as construction of city beautification work. The construction workers belong ti unorganized work forces. Due to this, they are exploited since ages by not providing proper shelter, pay, proper leaves, mediclaims, medical attention. The construction workers are provided with improper equipment’s and no safety equipment. The workers are recruited by many urban cities and areas. The task of the workers put them at a greater risk for acute and chronic work related musculoskeletal disorders. The work task demand the workers to do repetitious movements, awkward postures and high force levels which lead to WRMSD develop over a period of time and are not curable. The data was collected through secondary sources. The researches have recorded musculoskeletal disorders and discomfort among construction workers which occur due to poorly designed ladders, unsuitable or poorly maintained lifting appliances, improper material handling, improper walking surfaces high platforms, improperly stored trenches, badly maintained tools and inadequate illuminations. Construction work accidents contribute to 16.4% of fatal global occupational accidents. The researcher compiled the data available and recommended certain principles. Certain changes in the workplace, work equipment, worker condition, wok tasks and work management can help in improving the condition of workers.
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