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Aging Adults and Psychosocial Risk Factors

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Human Development, The IIS University, Jaipur, INDIA
  • 2Department of Human Development, The IIS University, Jaipur, INDIA

Res. J. Family, Community and Consumer Sci., Volume 3, Issue (3), Pages 1-8, May,27 (2015)

Abstract

Aging is a process which is very complex, involving chronological, physiological and functional changes. It is viewed as a time, when there is a physical decay, disturbances related to psychology and loneliness that brings negative attitude towards aging. The successful aging is surely influenced by the psychological makeup of an individual. This research study aims to study the psychosocial risk factors in aging adults in institutionalized and non institutional settings. Psychosocial factors included in the study were Loss of self esteem, Loss of cognitive capability, Loss of meaningful role, Physical Deterioration, Declining Social Contact, Low Financial Resources, Insecurity, Dependency, Caring for Chronically Ill, Poor Perceived Health, Loneliness, Lack of Social Support and Life Events. To study the prevalence of Psychosocial Risk Factors in aging adults (61 - 80 years of age) and find out the significance of difference in accordance to residence (institutionalized and non institutionalized), gender and age (61- 70 years and 71- 80 years). There were 280 participants i.e. between the age 60 to 80 years, of both the gender) were selected from different cities of Rajasthan. Psychosocial Risk Factors Scale was constructed to use in the study. The elderly who had chronic health problems were not included in the study. A z-test for means of wellbeing was conducted comparing the means for the psychosocial risk factors scores of institutionalized and non institutionalized aging adults (M =61.3, SD = 34.4) to the non- institutionalized aging adults (M =73.9, SD = 36.7). The two samples had statistically significant difference (z = -2.9638, p < 0.003, two-tailed). A significant difference was observed in all the psychosocial factors in both the groups except, caring for chronically ill, hence all the hypothesis were rejected.

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