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Nutritional Status of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers and An Intervention of ‘Kap’ of Dietary Practices among Dangolion Tharu Schedule Tribes Womens

Author Affiliations

  • 1Deptt. of Home Science, Lucknow University, LKO, INDIA
  • 2King George Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., INDIA
  • 3King George Medical University, Lucknow, U.P., INDIA

Res. J. Family, Community and Consumer Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 6-9, June,27 (2016)

Abstract

Tharu Schedule Tribe is the most populated tribe in India. Their population in this state U.P. was approx. 2 lakhs that were classified in three sub categories such as Rana Tharu, Dangolion Tharu and Kathurian Tharu. Geographically isolation has strengthened traditional identities and has forced these people to continue with their traditional arrangement for decade together. They are eco-friendly. All their culture, and activities were deeply related to nature. The pregnancy and lactation periods of mothers are a very crucial times among Tharu population. When maternal nutrition is important in influencing the health of both mother and infants. But due to poverty these women could not fulfil extra demand diet for foetus development and lactation of new born baby. Lack of awareness for required nutrition was also another big issue for such target group. The main objective of this paper was to find out nutritional status and an intervention of the KAP for better dietary practices among Dangolion Tharu Schedule tribe pregnant and lactating women. The paper was prepared at Deengha village of Pachperwa development block of district Balrampur of State Uttar Pradesh (India). Approx all the pregnant and lactating women were selected for detailed study; n=60 for intervention group and 10 subjects in control group. The main findings of this paper;a cent percent target subject were found of lowest order as compared to requirement order of nutritional status. After intervention it was observed that only 18% respondents changed their nutritional intake during pregnancy and lactation period. The changes in nutritional status were observed lowest to requirement order only 6% and lowest to lower order 12%. It was also found that the achievement of services provided by Government or NGOS only on paper. The changes due to KAP for knowledge or awareness generation 47% attitude developed in 22% and adopted in practices on 18% Approx 50% subjects were found anaemic. The calculated value of chi square was found much more higher (6.0) as compared to table value (3.841) at one degree of freedom and five percent significant level i.e. healthy dietary practices through KAP generation improved the nutritional status of pregnant and lactating mothers of Dangolion Tharu women.

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