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Growth and Infant Feeding: A Community Based Study of District Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Home Science (Food and Nutrition), Vasant Kanya Mahavidyalaya, Kamachha Varanasi-221010, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
  • 2Department of Home Science (Food and Nutrition), Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Banaras Hindu University Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA

Res. J. Family, Community and Consumer Sci., Volume 2, Issue (6), Pages 1-5, June,27 (2016)

Abstract

Growth is an essential biological characteristic of childhood and the growth process is a complicated one. Growth is a sensitive indicator of a child’s state of health, nutrition and genetic background. Studies on growth of children in community provide important information on the nutritional status of the community, which in true is largely governed by feeding practices followed in the community. So, the study was conducted in Varanasi to study growth of infants in relation to their feeding practices The study was conducted in the urban areas of Varanasi district, Uttar Pradesh. Varanasi city is divided into ten wards, according to Municipal corporation, Varanasi. By consultation with the statistician two wards Bhelupur and Dashashwamedh were selected for the study. A pretested schedule was developed (according to the guidelines proposed by ICMR 1989) and was used to collect information regarding feeding practices. 253 infants were selected purposively through domiciliary visits. Growth was assessed by Nutritional anthropometric measurements as suggested by Jelliffe and Jelliffe. For the sake of study infants were divided into seven feeding groups and four age groups (0-3, 3-6, 6-9 and 9-12 months.) months.

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