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Requirements engineering framework for automated emergency departments of hospitals

Author Affiliations

  • 1PAHER University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India and Navinchandra Mehta Institute of Technology and Development, Dadar (W), MS, India
  • 2PAHER University, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

Res. J. Computer & IT Sci., Volume 5, Issue (1), Pages 1-5, February,20 (2017)

Abstract

In Emergency departments of hospitals, users have to take critical decisions related to patients and resources within short time. The increased demand of quality resources at critical time in emergency department is a major challenge to provide quick medical assistance. To automate and improve emergency healthcare process, autonomic computing framework is used in both intra and inter-organizational services. This framework gives dynamic nature to emergency department processes. Emergency department environment has to deal with sudden changes in workloads due to emergencies like natural disasters, fire or terrorist attacks. Sometimes, in ICU, patients have to be monitored continuously. The emergency department has to ensure care continuity and Quality of Service (QoS) at optimum cost. The framework of autonomic computing is appropriate for emergency department environment since it has self-management capabilities with self-configuring, self-optimizing, self-protecting and context awareness features. Hence, according to current scenario, autonomic computer software adapts its behavior at run-time. This framework proposes dynamic requirements engineering using the self-adaptive software approach with model driven architecture (MDA) to gather functional and non-functional requirements. As the level of autonomy increases, various requirements can be identified at runtime. Autonomy architectures like (MAPE-K) Monitor-Analyze-Perform-Evaluate cycle and (IMD) Intelligent Machine Design can be used to bring requirements engineering autonomy during software development.

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