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Sinkhole Attacks in Wireless Sensor Network Routing: A Survey

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg, Chhattisgarh, India

Res. J. Computer & IT Sci., Volume 4, Issue (8), Pages 4-7, August,20 (2016)

Abstract

The capacity of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is often limited by many factors like communication range, memory, battery but security is the measure concern as wireless networks are most vulnerable to the attacks. Because of inherent resource and computing constraints in unattended environments, the risk of secure transmission over the network has increased. There are many attacks possible on WSN like selective forwarding, denial of service attack, Sybil attack, jamming, black hole attack, sinkhole, wormhole and hello flood attacks. One of the most notably routing attacks is Sinkhole attack in which attacker lure the network by advertising the high quality routes to the base station. It is very likely that these nodes prevent the arrival of information to the base station. When these achieve their objective, the attack will be launched along with the invitation to the dangerous threats like black hole or gray hole. In this paper, we have described various strategies for detecting sinkhole attacks and methods to neutralize them.

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