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Prevalence of haemoparasites infections among Sheep and Goats in Al Gabal al Akhder, Libya

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Wildlife, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, University of El-Beida, El-Beida, Libya
  • 2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Libya
  • 3Department of Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Libya
  • 4Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of El-Beida, El-Beida, Libya
  • 5Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tripoli University, Tripoli, Libya
  • 6Department of Animal Health Center, Ministry of Agriculture, EL-Beida, Libya

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 7, Issue (1), Pages 1-5, May,24 (2019)

Abstract

Haemoparasites in livestock reduce productivity and could result in elevated fatality. To determine the prevalence of haemoparasites and blood parameters in livestock in 9 locations of Gabal al Akhder region in the north east of Libya, 460 randomly collected blood samples (424 from sheep and 36 from goats) between July and September 2014 were examined. Detection of haemoparasites was carried out by preparation of blood smears and staining with Giemsa's stain. Haemoparasites were detected in 20.2% (93/460) of blood samples examined, being 20.3% (86/424) and 19.4% (7/36) from sheep and goats, respectively. Highest prevalence rates of haemoparasitic infection were observed in Marawh (36.1%; 22/61) and Grnadh (30.6%; 19/62) locations whereas the lowest prevalence rate was observed in Sousse (8.2%; 5/61) location. Three haemoparasites were identified in sheep Anaplasma spp. (0.5 %; 2/424), Babesia spp. (0.2% 1/424) and Theileria spp. (17.8%; 75/424). On the other hand only Theileria spp. was detected in goats (19.4%; 7/36). Mixed infection of Theileria spp. and Anaplasma spp. was identified in 1.7% (7/424) and Theileria spp. and Babsia spp. in 0.2% (1/424) of sheep, while no mixed infection was detected in goats. Lower levels of the hematological parameters RBCs, PCV and Hb were found in infected animals.

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