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Survey of antimicrobial residue in table EGGS among layer poultry farmers in Maiduguri metropolis, Borno state

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Animal Health and Production, College of Agriculture Gujba, Damaturu, yobe state, Nigeria
  • 2Dept. of Vet. Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria
  • 3Dept. of Vet. Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria
  • 4Dept. of Vet. Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria
  • 5Dept. of Vet. Physiology & Biochemistry, University of Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria
  • 6Dept. of Vet. Pathology, University of Maiduguri, Borno state, Nigeria

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 6, Issue (4), Pages 1-8, September,24 (2018)

Abstract

The objectives of this study is to survey for antimicrobial usage and to assess the antibiotic used pattern among poultry layer farmers in Maiduguri Metropolis Borno state Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was use together with structured interviewer questionnaire. Coordinates of each farm selected was recorded and map showing spatial distribution of randomly selected farm was constructed. Data were analysed using Statistical package for social science. It was found that majority of the farmers 30 (85.7 %) admitted the use of antibiotic for disease prevention, 29 (82.9 %) of the farmers were not aware of antibiotic residue in table eggs and 34 (97.1 %) of the farmers were not aware of public health effect of antibiotic residue. It was deduce that there is indiscriminate use of most antibiotics in layer farms in Maiduguri Metropolis, There is poor knowledge of drug withdrawal period by farmers and poor awareness on passage of antibiotics from hen to eggs and its public health significance. Prohibited antibiotics for use in food producing animals such as nitrofurans and Chloramphenicol and unapproved antibiotic for use in laying hens such as Sulfonamide, doxycycline, streptomycin, gentamycin and ampicillin are very much in use in the study area. It was recommended that farmer education on the use of antibiotics and its public health implication should be given priority in the study area. Antibiotics being a prescription drug should not be freely sold to farmers over the counter. The established Veterinary Directorate in National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control should ensure the control of importation and subsequent use of antibiotics prohibited for use in food animals.

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