6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Marine Fisheries; Its Current Status, Sustainable Management and Socio-Economic Status of the Marine Fishers of Odisha, Through Indian Marine Policy: A Case Study

Author Affiliations

  • 11Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, INDIA
  • 22Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, INDIA

Res. J. Animal, Veterinary and Fishery Sci., Volume 2, Issue (7), Pages 10-19, July,24 (2014)

Abstract

While we talk about inclusive growth globally and equality among unequals, the actual methods and the procedures which are being adopted for implementing these thoughts differ globally in terms of policies and planning of different regions. If we consider fishery as an industry, fishermen essentially constitute the primary stakeholder group. The services rendered by fishers to the fishing sector are the basic platform for the prospective growth of the fishing industry substantially. Sharing the acquired experience and their unique efforts in providing night time labour, source of traditional know-how related to fish and fishery, are extremely important for its sustainability. Without inclusive growth and improvement in their socio-economics, the growth of the fishing industry shall not be at the desired level. Disparity in living standard, unequal access to monetary income and lack of basic amenities would lead to discontent among fishers as a result of which their motivation level to participate in fishing activities may fall down. Appropriate design and implementation of developmental programmes are the key to improve the socio-economic condition of the fishing community. This article highlights the status of marine fisheries in Odisha especially analysing the socio-economics of marine fishers with special reference to the targeted policies of the Governments.

References

  1. FAO, Fisheries management, 4, Marine protected areas andfisheries, FAO Technical Guidelines for ResponsibleFisheries, 4, Suppl. 4. Rome, FAO: 198 (2011)
  2. Funge-Smith S., Briggs M. and Miao W., 2012, RegionalOverview of Fisheries and Aquaculture in Asia and thePacific, Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission, FAO RegionalOffice for Asia and the Pacific,RAP Publication, (26) 139(2012)
  3. Urquhart J., Acott T. and Zhao M., Introduction: Social andcultural impacts of marine fisheries, Marine Policy, 37, 1-2(2013)
  4. Crilly R. and Esteban A., Small versus large-scale, multifleetfisheries: The case for economic, social andenvironmental access criteria in European fisheries, MarinePolicy, 37, 20-27 (2013)
  5. UNISDR/ UNDP, ‘A Toolkit for Integrating Disaster RiskReduction and Climate Change Adaptation into EcosystemManagement of Coastal and Marine Areas in South Asia’,Outcome of the south Asian Consultative Workshop NewDelhi 6-7 March, 154 (2012)
  6. The Institute of Techno Economic Studies, ‘Study Reporton Techno-Socio-Economic Survey of FishermenHouseholds in Tamil Nadu’ 132 (1987)
  7. Department of Animal Husbandry Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, {available at: www.dahd.nic.in},and accessed on April (2013)
  8. Government of Odisha available onwww.odisha.gov.in/fisheries&ard/index.htm accessed onMarch (2013)
  9. Fisheries and Animal Resources Development Department,Government of Odisha, Annual Activities Report, 2011-12,Part-I, 59 (2012)
  10. Chilika Development Authority, Government of Odisha,Annual Report, 2011-12, 36 (2012)
  11. Sinha B.N., India- The Land and the People “Geography ofOrissa”, First Reprint, National Book Trust, India, 352(2008)
  12. Nayak S., New Age “Odisha Unbound”, A ConciseKnowledge of Odisha, First Edition, A.K. MishraPublishers Pvt. Ltd., Cuttack, Odisha, 682 (2012)
  13. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Hand Bookon Fisheries Statistics, 2011, 145 (2012)
  14. Sathiadhas R., Inter-sectoral Disparity and Marginalizationin Marine Fisheries in India, Asian Fisheries Science,22,773-786 (2009)
  15. Watson R.A. and Pauly D., The changing face of globalfisheries—The 1950s vs. the 2000s, Marine Policy, 42, 1-4(2013)
  16. Trimble M. and Johnson D., Artisanal fishing as anundesirable way of life? The implications for governance offishers, wellbeing aspirations in coastal Uruguay and southeastern Brazil, Marine Policy 37, 37-44 (2009)
  17. Britton E. and Coulthard S., Assessing the social wellbeingof Northern Ireland’s fishing society using a threedimensionalapproach, Marine Policy, 37, 28-36 (2013)
  18. Paleri P., Role of Coast Guard in the Maritime Security ofIndia, United Service Institution of India, KnowledgeWorld Publication, New Delhi, 377 (2004)
  19. Basu D.D., Introduction to the Constitution of India, 20thEdition, Butterworths Wadha, Nagpur, Reprint, 509 (2012)
  20. Legislative Department, Ministry of Law and Justice,Government of India, (available at: http://lawmin.nic.in/Legis.htm), accessed on September (2013)
  21. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, Hand Bookon Fisheries Statistics, 2008, 170 (2009)
  22. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and CentralMarine Fisheries Research Institute, Indian Council ofAgricultural Research, Marine Fisheries Census, 2010,India, Part I, 145 (2012)
  23. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and CentralMarine Fisheries Research Institute, Indian Council ofAgricultural Research, Marine Fisheries Census, 2010,Odisha, Part II, 493 (2012)
  24. Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries,Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India and CentralMarine Fisheries Research Institute, Indian Council ofAgricultural Research, Marine Fisheries Census, 2005,Odisha, Part III (2), 375 (2007)
  25. Mathew A. N.P., Marine Fisheries Conservation andManagement in India. United Nations -The NipponFoundation Fellowship Programme, 2008-2009: 145 (2009)
  26. Fishery Survey of India, Fishery Resources Survey,Assessment and Research Programme, Government ofIndia. April, 65 (2009)
  27. FAO, Review of the state of world marine fisheryresources, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical PaperNo. 569, Rome, FAO, 334 (2011)
  28. Marine Areas in South Asia, Out Come of the South AsianConsultative Workshop, New Delhi 6 and 7 March, UNDP,173 (2012)
  29. Department of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce andIndustry, Government of India (available at:http://commerce.nic.in/trade/international_trade.asp?id=1&trade=i) accessed on October (2013)
  30. World Trade Organisation, Negotiation of FisheriesSubsidies (available at: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/rulesneg_e/fish_e/fish_e.htm) accessed onOctober (2013)