Assessment of environmental, health and socio-economic status of a village of Purba Bardhaman, West Bengal, India – A Pilot Study
- 1Department of Environmental Studies, Trivenidevi Bhalotia College, Raniganj, Paschim Bardhaman, W.B., India
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 6, Issue (5), Pages 1-6, May,8 (2018)
Purba Bardhaman is basically an agricultural based part of West Bengal. This investigation is carried out to measure the environmental, health and socio-economic status of the region. It is an experimental as well as survey based study. Standard scientific methods were adopted to analyse different water, soil and biological samples. The study is very relevant in the present day context. The analytical study of soil and water (ground water as well as surface water) of this vicinity show that the water and soil do not contain traceable amount of heavy metals and lethal constituents for instance cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), arsenic (As) etc. But some parts of this constituency are contaminated with iron. Farmers mainly apply chemical fertilisers instead of biofertilisers in their crop field. Fishes and fruits grown in this region do not contain toxic heavy metal and hence do not pose any health related threats to the consumers. Villagers are suffering from water bourne diseases (especially the children) during the rainy season. The socio-economic study reveals that people of this region are peace loving and lives happily irrespective of the religion. Open defecation is very common practice among the villagers (including the women) although all the villagers are having their own toilet. Educational status of this province is not quite satisfactory. Electricity and water supply are provided to all the villagers. The main earning sources of the people of this region are crop cultivation and pisciculture. New generation of this region are slowly left their traditional jobs and are shifted to other jobs. However the economic status of this section is somewhat satisfactory. But slowly and gradually the lifestyle and socio-economic condition of this region is changing.
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