6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th May 2021 Due to COVID-19. 10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020).  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Flora and vegetation in a special protected area of Mount Taygetos, Southern Greece

Author Affiliations

  • 1Hellenic Agricultural Organization \"DEMETER\", Institute of Mediterranean Forest, Ecosystems, N. Chlorou, Ilisia, 11528, Athens, Greece
  • 2Technological Education Institute Department of Forestry & N.E.M, 36100, Karpenisi, Greece

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 5, Issue (2), Pages 5-13, February,8 (2017)

Abstract

Greece is characterized by special rich flora and fauna. Flora and vegetation between Natural and Forest ecosystems (burned and unburned areas) in the Special Protected Area, of Mount Taygetos, Southern Greece were investigated. The most frequently occurring plants were Helictochloa agropyroides and Galium peloponnesiacum in the herbaceous plants of Natural ecosystem-Burned areas and Natural ecosystem-Unburned areas. The most frequently occurring woody species was Cistus creticus in Natural ecosystem-Burned areas and Natural ecosystem-Unburned areas. Also, the most frequently occurring herbaceous and woody plants Bromus sp. and Cistus creticus, respectively, in Forest-Burned areas. Moreover, the herbaceous plant and woody plant species that occurred most frequently were Daucus carota and Sesleria taygetea and Cistus creticus in Forest-Unburned areas. Moreover, the data revealed significantly higher alpha herbaceous plant diversity in Forests-Unburned areas, Natural Ecosystems-Unburned areas, Forests-Burned areas than in Natural Ecosystems-Burned areas. Furthermore, Natural Ecosystems-Unburned areas and Forests-Unburned areas exhibited the highest values of alpha woody plant diversity followed by Forests-Burned areas, whereas the Natural Ecosystems-Burned areas had the lowest values. Conclusively, Mount Taygetos is a purely Mediterranean mountain, in view of its general physiognomy, climate, soil and mainly the biogeographical significance of its rich flora.

References

  1. Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climatic Change (2014)., Greek Strategy for the Biodiversity., 1-89.
  2. Strid A. and Tan K. (1997)., 2002., Flora Hellenica, Patra.
  3. Legakis A. and Maragou P. (2009)., The Red Data Book of Threatened Animal of Greece., Hellenic Zoological Society, Athens, 528.
  4. Biosfaira (2011)., Ecological mapping Terms of Taygetos for Biodiversity Conservation., Athens, 1-446.
  5. Dafis S. (1973)., Classification of forest vegetation of Greece., Scientific Annals of the Department of Forestry and Natural Environment, 15, 57-91.
  6. WWF (2007)., Ecological assessment of the wildfires of August 2007 in the Peloponnese, Greece., Athens, Greece, 1-34.
  7. Theodorakakis M.C. (1995)., Structure, dynamics and management of island olive groves., Doctoral thesis, Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Greece (in Greek).
  8. Koutsidou E. (1995)., Natural regeneration of degrading Mediterranean ecosystems as a result of the prohibition of grazing pressure—The case of Chios island., Doctoral thesis, Department of Environmental Studies, University of the Aegean, Mytilene, Greece (in Greek).
  9. IBM SPSS Statistics (2010)., Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (IBM SPSS Statistics) for Windows, release 19.0.0.1., Chicago: IBM SPSS Statistics.
  10. Solow A.R. (1993)., A simple test for change in community structure., Journal of Animal Ecology, 62(1), 191-193.
  11. Henderson P.A. and Seaby R.M.H. (1998)., Species Diversity and Richness v4.0., Pisces Conservation Ltd., Pennington, Lymington.
  12. Payette S. (1992)., Fire as a controlling process in the North American boreal forest., A systems analysis of the global boreal forest, 144-169.
  13. Nowak S., Kershaw G.P. and Kershaw L.J. (2002)., Plant Diversity and Cover after Wildfire on Anthropogenically Disturbed and Undisturbed Sites in Subarctic Upland Picea mariana Forest., Arctic, 55(3), 269–280.
  14. Collins S.L. (1987)., Interaction of disturbances in tallgrass prairie: A field experiment., Ecology, 68(5), 1243-1250.