Evaluation of Adopted Agro Forestry Models in Haridwar, India
- 1Forest Extension Division, Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 4, Issue (10), Pages 11-16, October,8 (2016)
Cultivation of tree species with agricultural crops in different combinations is practiced by farmers around the world since ancient time. One of main aspects to analyze status of agro forestry in any region is to evaluate agro forestry models of that region. The main objective of this article is to produce a framework of adopted agro forestry models in Haridwar, India. A number of agricultural crop species like wheat and other crop species like sugarcane, Chari etc. were reported with tree species like Poplar, Eucalyptus, and Other/mixed tree species adopted by the farmers. A total of 700 models were reported and studied in the sampled study area. Out of which 83.57% models (585) were poplar based, 12 % models (84) were eucalyptus based and rest 4.43 % (31) models were other/mixed tree species based. Poplar based tree-crop combinations were mostly planted by farmers. Poplar tree species was planted in 544.68 ha. (86.83%), Eucalyptus was planted in 57.72 ha. (9.20%) of land and other/mixed species were reported in 24.88 ha. (3.97%). It shows that Poplar is dominant tree species in agro forestry plantation (crop combination and land ratio wise). Most of the models (69.05%) were arranged in boundary, 25.96% in blocks and (4.99%) in scattered forms. Poplar based models are preferred in boundary patterns (70.61%), Eucalyptus based models are preferred in block patterns (63.09%) and Other /mixed tree species based models are preferred by farmers in Scattered forms (66.66%). A number of tree crop combinations were described under three major agro forestry model categories. It was also concluded that although different types of tree-crop combinations were reported in agroforestry models, the farmers purposely preferred those models which were suitable for domestic or commercial purpose therefore compromising between these two purposes. It is important to study each component of agro forestry appropriately while describing agro forestry models, tree-crop combinations, their adoption rate, plantation pattern, covered land, as well as percentage of adopters under such combinations.
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