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Meloidogyne graminicola (Golden and Birchfield): Threat to Rice Production

Author Affiliations

  • 1Dept. of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263 145, Uttarakhand, INDIA
  • 2Dept. of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263 145, Uttarakhand, INDIA
  • 3Dept. of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263 145, Uttarakhand, INDIA
  • 4Dept. of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar - 263 145, Uttarakhand, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 31-36, March,8 (2014)

Abstract

Meloidogyne graminicola (Golden and Birchfield) causing rice root knot disease has emerged as a major pest recently throughout the world due to its broad host range and ability of causing potential yield loss. The losses caused by M. graminicola may vary from negligible to heavy depending on the severity of disease. Completion of life cycle of M. graminicola is highly temperature dependent and may vary from 15-51 days. The main symptoms of root knot disease of rice are yellowing, dwarfing and gall formation on the roots of rice plants. The degree of symptom manifestation differs with time of infection, age of the plants and load of inoculums. Tillage practices and abiotic factors such as nutrition, temperature, soil type, moisture, etc., may affects population of nematode. Indiscriminate use of chemicals for managing this disease results in the development of pathogen resistance and risk to the environment which has favored the introduction of various eco-friendly approaches of management such as, removal of host weeds, flooding of fields, summer ploughing, organic amendments, and use of effective biocontrol agents. Since each management approach has some advantage, an integrated approach can be a better option to overcome this disease.

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