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Biosafety Concerns and Regulatory Framework for Transgenics

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar- 263145, INDIA
  • 2Institute of Biotechnology, ANGRAU, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-500030, INDIA
  • 3Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar- 263145, INDIA
  • 4Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar- 263145, INDIA
  • 5Division of Genetics, IARI, New Delhi- 110012, INDIA
  • 6Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar- 263145, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 2, Issue (3), Pages 7-13, March,8 (2014)

Abstract

The executive environmental release and cultivation of transgenic crop varieties have aroused tremendous safety concerns such as risk to human health, risk to environment, risk to ecology and socioeconomic concerns. Issue regarding human health, toxicity, allergenicity, development of antibiotic resistance, eating foreign DNA etc. are global debate. Development of antibiotic resistance and eating foreign DNA are merely apprehensions and has no scientific basis. Among the environmental biosafety issue, transgene escape from a transgenic crop variety to its nontransgenic counterpart or wild relatives has aroused tremendous debates worldwide. Public acceptance is one of the major hurdles for adaptation of first wave of products of agricultural biotechnology. The role of credible experts in communicating the issue to the public in a realistic and effective manner is mandatory to make the difference. Comprehensive regulatory mechanisms have been evolved for development of Genetically Modified Organisms and rDNA research work by the regulatory authorities.

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