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Ethnoecology of Kaleka: Dayak's Agroforestry in Kapuas, Central Kalimantan Indonesia

Author Affiliations

  • 1Graduate School of Science and Environmental Technology, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang, 65145, East Java, INDONESIA
  • 2Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang, 65145, East Java, INDONESIA
  • 3Faculty of Agriculture, Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan, INDONESIA
  • 4Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Brawijaya University; and Graduate School of Science and Environmental Technology, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang, 65145, East Java, INDONESIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (8), Pages 5-12, September,8 (2013)

Abstract

The aims of the research were to describe the socio-cultural aspect of Kaleka and its floristic diversity. The research was done in two villages in Central Kalimantan, namely, Dahian Tambuk and Tumbang Danau. This study confirms that Kaleka plays an important role in social, cultural and economical aspects of Dayak Kapuas. Plant resources in Kaleka are used and distributed by following two basic principles, namely, equality and sustainability. Local people's respect to their ancestors is implemented in maintaining and preserving Kaleka in good quality over generations. The philosophical aspect of local people in such villages contributes to Kaleka preservation in the modern era. Kaleka is habitat for many plant species, ranging from understory to upperstory. The species D. Zibethinus, A. heterophyllus, L. domesticum, C. nucifera, C. domestica, N. lappaceum, D. kutejensis, and A. catechu are the most important to local people's needs. Many species which are found in Kaleka are local and endemic to Kalimantan Island encompassing S. koetjape, M. casturi, D. kutejensis, B. motleyana and P. canescens. These fact shows that Kaleka is potential to be promoted as a key for biodiversity conservation in Central Kalimantan.

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