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Emission Characteristics of Pongamia Pinnata (Karanja) Biodiesel and Its Blending up to 100% in a C.I. Engine

Author Affiliations

  • 1Sardar Patel College of Engineering, Mumbai, MS, INDIA
  • 22Vidyavardhini College of Engineering and Technology, Mumbai, MS, INDIA
  • 3Indian Biodiesel Corporation, Baramati, Above Sh. Malojiraje Co-op. Bank, Tal- Baramati, Dist- Pune, MS, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (7), Pages 1-5, August,8 (2013)

Abstract

Import dependence for oil in India which is about 70 per cent is likely to increase further. The study is initiated to invest igate the potential of Karanja oil as a source of biodiesel. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel made from renewable biological resources such as vegetable oil and animal fat. It is completely biodegradable and non - toxic. Main objectives of the study are feasibility of Karanja oil for the production of biodiesel optimization of different parameters fo r high yield /conversion of Karanja oil to biodiesel. This survey presents the suitability of Pongamia Pinnata (karanja) as a source of renewable fuel substituting petrodiesel in CI engine. The fuel properties of esterified karanja oil and its blend with diesel fuel at different proportions are studied including engine tests. The straight karanja oil blend upto 25% with the petrodiesel meets the standard specification. However blending of this oil with petrodiesel upto 20% (by volume) can be used safely in a conventional CI engine without any engine modification that could help in controlling air pollution.

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