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Physico-Chemical Quality Study of Soils Irrigated with Treated Domestic Wastewaters

Author Affiliations

  • 1Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique, de Radiochimie et d’Electrochimie (LACARE), UFR/SEA, 03 BP 7021, Université de Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO
  • 2Laboratoire d’Hydrologie et Ressource en Eau (LEHA), Institut International d’Ingénierie de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (2iE), Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO
  • 3Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique, de Radiochimie et d’Electrochimie (LACARE), UFR/SEA, 03 BP 7021, Université de Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO
  • 4Laboratoire d’Hydrologie et Ressource en Eau (LEHA), Institut International d’Ingénierie de l’Eau et de l’Environnement (2iE), Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO
  • 5Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique, de Radiochimie et d’Electrochimie (LACARE), UFR/SEA, 03 BP 7021, Université de Ouagadougou, BURKINA FASO

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (2), Pages 26-34, March,8 (2013)

Abstract

In Burkina Faso, a semi-arid country, the reuse of wastewaters for irrigation delivers water and nutrients in abundance obtained free of charge at any time of the year, especially in the areas of dry farming and arboriculture. But these wastewaters are very loaded with suspended and dissolved substances and may clog the soil and cause a decrease in porosity. It is therefore necessary to know the various elements contained in these waters in order to monitor their progress in the soil. Our objective in this study is to determine the impact of wastewaters on soil. For this, we directly used the untreated surface water from the dam of Loumbila and domestic wastewaters treated by microphytes lagooning at the Station of Processing and Purification of the International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE) to irrigate the soil. Lettuce culture is experimented. For each type of water, a plot in which lettuce is grown is irrigated with this water and there also is a control plot irrigated with the same water but not containing growing lettuce. Throughout the duration of the study, the physical and chemical parameters of these soils were measured. The results show that soil properties were not significantly affected by irrigation with treated wastewaters, except for the sodium content which is higher in irrigated soils. Similarly, the study shows that the treated wastewaters contain enough materials to make a rich soil.

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