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Issues and Constraints (Climate change) of Water Resource Management in Tungabhadra River Basin in India

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Environmental Sciences, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka, INDIA
  • 2Department of Environmental Sciences, Kuvempu University, Shankaraghatta, Shimoga, Karnataka, INDIA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 17-26, February,8 (2013)

Abstract

This paper discusses the issues and constraints associated with the water resource management in the Tungabhadra River basin in India. It is a sub basin of River Krishna and confluence of two major Rivers Bhadra and Tunga. Tungabhadra is a non perennial River and flows from high altitude from 3000 ft to low altitude. Originate in the state of Karnataka and moves towards the state of Andhra Pradesh and also known as the interstate River. This study is limited to the state of Karnataka and identified several water management issues in the basin. The issues such as interdispute, un authorized irrigation, crop violation, head reach and tail enders problems at the agriculture level. And also, drinking and industrial water requirements at commercial levels leads violate the decisions at the official levels. In addition emerging climate change issues (mainly evaporation losses) and requirement of environmental needs to conserve the fragile ecosystems are observed and are authorities are failing to consider under management concern. This study followed different Integrated Approach (IA) method to assess at the different levels in the basin. Several grassroot implementation approaches has been recorded and also identified the traditional management techniques and tried to link with existing systems of management.

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