6th International Young Scientist Congress (IYSC-2021) and workshop on Intellectual Property Rights on 8th and 9th May 2021.  10th International Science Congress (ISC-2020) will be Postponed to 8th and 9th December 2021 Due to COVID-19.  International E-publication: Publish Projects, Dissertation, Theses, Books, Souvenir, Conference Proceeding with ISBN.  International E-Bulletin: Information/News regarding: Academics and Research

Residual effect of Organic manure EM Bokashi applied to Proceeding Crop of Vegetable Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) on succeeding Crop of Radish (Raphanus sativus)

Author Affiliations

  • 1Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Eastern University, Chenkalady, SRI LANKA
  • 2Department of Crop Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Eastern University, Chenkalady, SRI LANKA

Res. J. Agriculture & Forestry Sci., Volume 1, Issue (1), Pages 1-5, February,8 (2013)


This study was conducted to assess the residual effect of different organic manure EM Bakashi on yield of radish (Raphanus sativus) on sandy regosol. Immediately after harvesting of vegetable cowpea, radish was cultivated as succeeding crop without disturbing soil. The study was done as pot experiment in a complete random design consisting five treatments. At harvest, diameter and length of tuber, fresh and dry weights of leaves and tuber and total dry matter of radish were recorded and all recorded data were subjected to statistical analysis. The present study revealed that application of EM bokashi may provide significant amount of residual nutrients for cultivation of a short durational succeeding crop and the residual benefits depend on the initial nutrient content of manure. There was significant difference (P0.05) in tuber diameter, fresh and dry weights of leaves and tuber and total dry matter content between manures. Tuber length was not significantly (P&


  1. Olsen S.R., The role of organic matter and ammonium inproducing high corn, In Chen Y. and Avnimelech Y (ed)The role of organic matter in Modern Agriculture, KluwerAcademic Publisher, USA 29-51 (1986)
  2. Greenspan A., Organic alternatives to chemical fertilizer. InChemical fertilizer Alternatives., 33-39 (2009) fromhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/20647528/Chemical-FertilizerAlternatives
  3. Dao T.H. and Schwartz R.C., Mineralizable phophorus,nitrogen and carbon relationship in dairy manure at various carbon –to- phophorus ratios, Bio reso. Tech., 101, 3567-3574 (2010)
  4. Anon. EM application manual for APNAN countries 1stedition. Asia-Pacific Natural Agriculture Network,Bangkok, Thailand (1995) fromhttp://www.agriton.nl/apnanman.html
  5. Sangakkara U.R. and Higa T., Effect of EM on nitrogenfixation by bush bean and mungbean, In Parr J. F., HornickS.B. and Simpon M. E (eds) Proceeding of the 2ndInternational Conference on Kyusei Nature Farming U.SDepartment of Agriculture, Washington DC , USA., 111-117 (1994)
  6. Jilani G., Hussain T., Javid T. and Jamil M., Role of EMto Sustain Crop Production in Pakistan., (2010) Accessfrom 18th May 2010 Fromhttp://emrojapan.com/emdb/content/118.html
  7. Lee C.T., Ismail M.N., Razali F., Sarmidi M.R. and KhamisA.K., Application of Effective Microorganism on soil andmaize, J. Chemical and Natural Res. Eng, Special Edition,University Teknologi Malaysia., 1-13 (2008)
  8. Patidar M. and Mali A.L., Residual effect of farmyardmanure, fertilizer and biofertilizer on succeeding wheat(Triticum aestivum), Indian. J. Agro., 47, 26-32 (2002)
  9. Gaur A.C., Review of soil research in India, In Proceedingsof 12th International Conference of Soil Science,International Society of Soil Science, New Delhi., 278-305(1982)
  10. Silva P.S., Silva J., Oliveira F.H.T., Sousa A.K.F. and DudaG.P., Residual effect of cattle manure application on greenear yield and corn grain yield, Hort. Brasi., 24(2), 166-169(2006)
  11. TNAU Agritech Portal. Organic farming. Tamil NaduAgricultural University, Coimbatore (2008) fromhttp://agritech.tnau.ac.in/org_farm/orgfarm_manure.html
  12. Martinez- Ballesta M.C., Dominguez- Perless R., MorenoD. A., Muries B., Alearaz-Lopez C., Batias E., GareiaVigueraC. and Carvajal M., 2011. Mineral in Plant Food:Effect of Agricultural practices in Human health, InLichtfouse E., Hamelin M., Navarrete M. and Debaeke P(eds) Sustainable Agriculture, Springer DordrechtHeridelberg, London New York., 2,11-128 (2011)
  13. Kemmler G. and Tandon H.L.S., Potassium deficiency andits correction in horticultural crops International PotashInstitute, Switzerland and Fertilizer development andconsultation organization, India., 5-6 (1988)
  14. Pardede E., A Study on effect of Calcium, MagnesiumPhosphorusfertilizer on potato tuber (Solanum tuberosumL.) and on physiochemical properties of potato flour duringstorage, Aufl.Cuvillier Verlag, Gottingen., 140, 9-10 (2005)
  15. Ihejirika G.O., Evaluation of organic manures and plantdensities on pod rot, nodulation and seed weight ofgroundnut in an Ultisols, J. Plant Sci., 2, 475-479 (2007)
  16. Yamada K., Kato S., Fujita M., Xu H.L., Katase K. andUmemura H., Investigation on the properties of EMBokashi and development of its application technology, International Nature farming Research Center, Japan (1997)
  17. Pei-Sheng Y. and Hui-Lian X., Influence of EM Bokashi onNodulation, Physiological Characters and Yield of Peanutin Nature Farming Fields, J. Sus. Agri., 19(4), 105-112(2002)
  18. Schlegel A.J., Effect of composted manure on soil chemicalproperties and nitrogen use by grain sorghum, J. Pro. Agri.,5, 153-157 (1992)
  19. Maerere A.P., Kimbi G.G. and Nonga D.L.M., Comparative effectiveness of animal manure on soilchemical properties, yield and root growth of amaranthus(Amaranthus cruentus L.) AJST., 1(4), 14-21 (2001)
  20. Nijaguna B.T., Biogas technology. New age internationalPvt. Ltd., Publisher, New Delhi. India., 286 (2002)
  21. Nagaich K.N., Trivedi S.K., Rajesh L. and Lekhi R., Effectof sulphur and potassium fertilization in onion (Alium cepaL), J. Hort., 12(1), 25-31(1999)
  22. Qian P. and Schoenau J.J., Availability of nitrogen in solidmanure amendments with different C: N ratios, Cana. J.Soil Sci., 82 (2), 219-225 (2002)